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New Zealand may be a young country, but it’s not devoid of compelling traditions. A culmination of Maori customs and European-based quirks have helped this country carve out its own set of customs. To give you a better idea, here are seven traditions that only Kiwis will be able to understand and relate to.
Taihape is a small town in the centre of the North Island that prides itself on being ‘the gumboot capital of the world‘. Every year since 1985, the community celebrates Gumboot Day — a fun-filled family event that includes the town’s famed gumboot throwing contest. The iconic festival is held on the Tuesday after Easter, and its biggest ambition every year is to break the world record for the longest gumboot throw.
Baldwin Street, in Dunedin, is renowned for being the world’s steepest street. What outsiders may not know is that this is the main venue for the city’s annual Cadbury Chocolate Carnival. To kick off the sweet festivities, giant Jaffa balls (that’s an orange chocolate that’s unique to New Zealand) race down this steep stretch of road. There are also competitions, choc-filled activities, and an iconic Crunchie Train to entertain the crowds.
Rugby fans will know this one quite well. The haka, a traditional Maori war dance, has been immortalised by New Zealand’s All Blacks team, though its significance is celebrated in other local customs as well. In the past, the pre-battle war cries and dances were performed to incite fear, and proclaim the strength of Maori warriors. These days, you might see a haka performance if you visit a marae, or if you partake in any special Maori celebrations and rituals.
Not to be confused with a hangi, which is a traditional meal, the hongi is a personal, customary greeting, usually saved up for special occasions. The pressing of noses and foreheads is how this physical greeting is exchanged. This symbolises the passing of the breath of life (‘te ha’ in Maori) from one person to another. A hongi is common practice when welcoming visitors onto Maori grounds, as well as within traditional ceremonies.
Whenever you’re entering a Maori house (whare), meeting place (marae) or tribe (iwi), you will participate in this traditional welcoming ceremony. A powhiri usually begins with three warriors challenging the guests to see if they are coming into their territory in peace, while a kaikaranga (female caller) leads the visitors towards them. Presentations, waiata (traditional songs) and speeches usually follow, and then the powhiri ends with the aforementioned hongi.
Now we get to the customary Maori cooking method. A hangi is prepared underground, using heated rocks that are buried in a pit oven. Food is placed on top of the stones (usually meat is cooked first), and items are covered with flax mats or hessian bags for three hours during the cooking process. This is usually saved for special occasions, though you can have these meals when you partake in various Maori encounters across the country.
While it’s not a ‘tradition’ in the strictest sense, this is something that locals truly understand and cherish. In brief, Kiwiana are cultural relics that helped shape Kiwi identity and the local way of life. This includes the Edmonds Cookbook, which has been teaching New Zealanders to make their favourite dishes for many generations, as well as the classic Buzzy Bee toy, paua shells, Maori carvings, and the ever-contested pavlova.