The city of Adelaide is home to a thriving cultural scene, and nowhere is this more evident than its diverse array of world-class museums. From converted warehouses to modern exhibition spaces, check out the top nine museums you can visit in Adelaide, South Australia.
Art Gallery of South Australia
The Art Gallery of South Australia is home to a collection of more than 40,000 paintings, sculptures, prints, sketches, photographs, textiles and design masterpieces sourced from every corner of the planet, attracting 780,000 visitors per year. Founded in 1881, this gallery isn’t just the state’s premier collection of art, it’s also one of the most gorgeous buildings on Adelaide’s leafy cultural boulevard — North Terrace — perched right next door to the University of Adelaide.
South Australian Museum
The South Australian Museum — the Art Gallery of South Australia’s next-door neighbour — is home to the largest collection of Aboriginal Australian artefacts anywhere on earth, housed in the Australian Aboriginal Cultures Gallery. This natural history museum has five floors of displays to explore, including rare fossils of a six-metre long snake and a giant leaf-eating kangaroo.
State Library of South Australia
Another one of North Terrace’s clutch of beautiful stone structures, the State Library pledges to “keep the memories of the state alive”. The idea of the institution was formed just a fortnight after the colony of South Australia came into being in the 1830s, and is still going strong nearly two centuries later as the largest public research library in the state, with a focus on South Australian research and reference material.
Located in an early colonial bluestone building behind the State Library of South Australia, this museum used to house a destitute asylum as well as a school for Indigenous children. These days it’s a social history museum tracing the immigration and settlement history of South Australia, telling the stories of the state’s migrant communities to promote multiculturalism and diversity.
National Railway Museum
Australian largest undercover railway museum is located in Port Adelaide, containing more than 100 exhibits tracing the history of Australia’s state, commonwealth and private railway operators. The museum first opened in 1970 and moved to its current site in 1988, giving visitors the opportunity to climb into the cabs of giant steam engines, stroll through elegant carriages, and learn a little about Australia’s long locomotive tradition.
South Australian Maritime Museum
Just across the road from the Railway Museum, the South Australian Maritime Museum inhabits a pair of picturesque 1850s bond stores, which contain an extensive collection of artefacts detailing the state’s nautical past. Explore the stories of the South Australian sea across three levels of interactive exhibits, as well as the historic Port Adelaide Lighthouse on the waterfront.
These purpose-built studios train aspiring artists and designers in the fields of ceramics, glass, furniture, jewellery and metalwork, and the exhibition and retail space showcases some of the best contemporary craft and design anywhere in Australia. The government-funded organisation has a gallery on Morphett St just off North Terrace in the middle of town, as well as Seppeltsfield in the Barossa Valley.
Ayers House Museum
Adelaide’s finest Victorian home is open to the public six days a week, the last surviving mansion of the era on the southern side of North Terrace. Enjoy a glimpse of what life looked like for an upper-class family in the 19th Century by walking through the former house of Sir Henry Ayers, the premier of South Australia a record five times between 1863 and 1873.
Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute
Tandanya — a Kaurna word meaning ‘place of the red kangaroo’ — is the oldest Aboriginal-owned and operated arts centre, with almost three decades under its belt. Located on Grenfell St in the East End of the city, the museum is an interactive arts space that promotes the art and story-telling of Australia’s First Peoples.