If you’re not travelling within Australia, you’re going to have to hop on a plane to reach the continent. This in itself isn’t sustainable – we know that. But efforts can be made to reduce the impact of gas-guzzling jets. Enter carbon offsetting. Usually a matter of pounds, a carbon offsetting fee helps fund projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It’s a small price to pay for helping the environment.
While Australia was initially behind the plastic-free revolution, it was mid-2018 that two of the continent’s main supermarkets pledged to no longer offer plastic bags. To save using the paper bags, too, you’ll need to bring a tote along for the ride to pick up your groceries – it can double up as your beach bag, with space for your BPA-free water bottle, as well.
Eco-friendly accommodation is a no-brainer. And there are various tiers to it, from hostels to luxurious resorts. For backpackers hitting the Great Ocean Road, stay at Apollo Bay Eco YHA, which is pioneering energy- and water-saving techniques to reduce its environmental impact. Meanwhile, on the Great Barrier Reef, Lady Elliot Island Eco Resort is setting out to achieve its goal of being 100 percent sustainable. There’s also Emirates One&Only Wolgan Valley in the World Heritage-listed Greater Blue Mountains, which was the world’s first hotel to receive CarbonZero’s internationally accredited carbon-neutral certification.
More and more companies across Australia are becoming eco-certified and offering ecotourism experiences. On the East Coast, you’ll find plenty of sustainable businesses operating along the Great Barrier Reef, which has been endangered for some time due to climate change. Elsewhere, other popular ecotourism activities in Australia include the Penguin Parade on Phillip Island, the multi-award-winning Bruny Island Cruises in Tasmania and Taronga Zoo in Sydney. The official Ecotourism Australia website is a great resource for finding current experiences.
Walking is of course the most environmentally friendly mode of transport, but Australia is a big old place. To get from A to B, take a Greyhound Bus – the company has the largest network in Australia. They also have a carbon offset initiative, whereby passengers can pay an extra $1 to help support carbon dioxide reduction projects. When in Melbourne, utilise its public bike network, as well as trams, trains and buses. Meanwhile, Brisbane and Sydney’s public transport networks also include ferries.
Australia has incredible native wildlife – and there are many many wildlife sanctuaries across the country, which are focused on conservation and carbon footprint reduction. For example, Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary participates in 16 different conservation projects; Bonorong Wildlife Sanctuary in Tasmania has several sustainability initiatives in place, and won the EPA Sustainability Innovation in Industry Award in 2013; and Steve Irwin’s legacy, Australia Zoo, is working to reduce its carbon footprint in all areas, from biodegradable coffee cups to a mobile phone recycling programme.
Ecotourism is all about having a positive impact on the environment you’re visiting. And this means supporting local communities in whatever capacity that might be. It could include visiting farmers’ markets, buying products in independent shops and joining locally run tours and cultural experiences. At Mossman Gorge near Cairns, you can learn about the area’s Aboriginal history on a Dreamtime Walk led by a local indigenous guide; while in Uluru, there’s the Aboriginal Homelands Experience, in which a traditional owner of the land teaches visitors about the Anangu people’s history.
If you enjoy bushwalking and extensive hikes, the Great Ocean Walk is a 100-kilometre (62-mile) trek that follows the infamous Great Ocean Road, from Apollo Bay to the Twelve Apostles. Some of iconic trails include the Murray River Walk, which can be traced with an eco-certified company who organise a three-night, four-day journey along the Murray River. Another local operator, Tasmanian Walking Company, hosts several hikes across the island state, including at the Bay of Fires and Cradle Mountain.