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The buckeye is a round, dark brown nut with a lighter beige end that comes from the buckeye tree (part of the chestnut family). It became the official state tree in the 1950s, but Ohio locals were referred to as “Buckeyes” long before that.
Colonel Ebenezer Sproat, a pioneer and Continental Army officer during the Revolutionary War who helped to found Marietta, Ohio, is rumored to have been the first to sport the nickname of “Buckeye.” The story goes that he was nicknamed “the eye of the buck” by local native Americans.
Others claim that General William Henry Harrison sparked the association of buckeyes with Ohio when he used the phrase “the Buckeye State” during his presidential election campaign in the mid-1800s. Whatever the case, the term “Buckeye” eventually became a quirky moniker for Ohioans. Eventually, Ohio State University took on the Buckeye as its mascot, and its sports fans became known as “Buckeyes,” too.
The tradition of crafting the homemade peanut butter chocolate candies is a long-held holiday ritual in Ohio. Though many locals claim to have been the first to make buckeyes for Ohio State games and Christmas parties, most agree that the candy-making tradition picked up speed in the 1970s and 1980s.
The rich candies are made by dipping peanut butter fudge in a chocolate coating so that just a small layer of the peanut butter is visible, making it resemble the fruit of the buckeye tree. Buckeyes are also available dipped in white chocolate and dusted with hazelnuts or sprinkles.
The buckeye tradition in Cleveland has spawned dozens of creative takes on the sweet treat. Malley’s Chocolates is one of the most famous places to snag a box of the famous candies, with a bonus peanut butter cap on top of the traditional chocolate and filling. Other local chocolate and confection shops in Cleveland and throughout Ohio, such as Chocolate 76, usually have handmade buckeyes for sale. And Coco Beans Candy, in Fremont, Ohio, holds the record for the World’s Largest Buckeye, weighing in at a whopping 271 pounds.
Meanwhile, Graeter’s Ice Cream, an Ohio hotspot for French pot handcrafted ice cream, sells Buckeye Blitz, a buckeye-inspired peanut butter chocolate ice cream flavor, while Mama Jo Pies in nearby Amherst and Medina offers rich, creamy Buckeye Pies. Other quirky derivatives of the traditional Midwestern treat include buckeye cheesecake, buckeye donuts, and buckeye milkshakes.