Italo Calvino’s work is closely associated with fairytales, but he was actually a devoted realist when, while compiling the book Italian Folktales, he realized that fantasy was an ideal form to deliver political commentary without fear of reprisal. The Cloven Viscount is among the earliest of Calvino’s excursions into the fairytale form, with the story of a nobleman split in two by a cannonball making for a tidy allegory of Italy’s postwar condition.
An astonishing social novel of race and the deception of appearances, Boy, Snow, Bird by Helen Oyeyemi takes the framework of Snow White to tell the story of a new stepmother, Boy; her adopted daughter Snow; and the newborn baby, Bird, whose arrival exposes the secret that binds them
Robert Coover is a legend who has transformed the conventions of literature again and again. With A Child Again, he turns his attention to fairytales and children’s stories, lending both sinister and satirical intent to versions of “Puff the Magic Dragon,” “Casey at the Bat,” “The Pied Piper of Hamelin,” and “Little Red Riding Hood.”
The puckish short story writer Donald Barthelme’s first novel takes a modern approach to the story of Snow White that resembles Ryūnosuke Akutagawa’s “Rashōmon” more than a fairy tale, with the perspectives of dwarves, princes, queens, and huntsmen exposing the absurdity of the 1960s era in which it first appeared.
The Bloody Chamber is perhaps Angela Carter’s best-known work, a collection of feminist reworkings of stories like “Beauty and the Beast,” “Bluebeard,” “Sleeping Beauty” and “Puss in Boots” that revisit each with violence, sexuality, and prose so elaborately beautiful that it is almost tactile.
The story of man who finds himself embarking on a quest to discover the ghastly truth about his wife and child, as well as his long-vanished father, The Changeling is a chilling modern fairytale that incorporates enchanted islands, forests, and graveyards into an otherwise realist novel that is reminiscent of both Ralph Ellison and Haruki Murakami.
A playfully comic gothic, Undermajordomo Minor by Patrick deWitt tells the story of a hapless young man named Lucy who is hired by the baron of an ancient castle, only to discover mysteries, betrayals, and love. Like a folktale infused with black humor, the novel manages to be both mordantly funny and heartbreaking.
All of Kelly Link’s work is in dialogue with the fairytale form, but the impact of Stranger Things Happen, when it first appeared, is impossible to estimate. Weird, wild, and subversive, the eleven short stories in Link’s first collection give us magic, but with a slyly modern take on the usual twin sisters, romances, and epic journeys into the unknown.
Neil Gaiman is, of course, permanently rooted to fairytales and myths, having made dozens of subversive forays into each. His Sandman series of graphic novels deal with elves, talking cats, and demons—but storybook The Sleeper and the Spindle is gentler stuff, complementing Gaiman’s unique take on Sleeping Beauty and Snow White with lovely full-page illustrations by Chris Riddell.