How did this yearly tradition come about on the last Thursday in November?
The first Thanksgiving Day football game was played in Philadelphia in 1869. According to the Evening Telegraph newspaper, “a foot-ball match between twenty-two players of the Young America Cricket Club and the Germantown Cricket Club will take place on Thanksgiving Day at 12 1/2 o’clock, on the grounds of the Germantown Club.”
This game was played two weeks after Rutgers University defeated Princeton University on Nov. 6 in New Brunswick, N.J., in what is considered to be the first-ever football game. The Young America-Germantown game also occurred six years after President Abraham Lincoln declared the first fixed national Thanksgiving holiday in 1863.
Princeton University and Yale University played on Thanksgiving from 1876-81.
The tradition grew as many high schools began playing on Thanksgiving each year as well. Boston Latin School, the oldest school in the United States (established April 23, 1635), began playing English High School of Boston on Thanksgiving in 1887 at Harvard University. It is the longest continuous Thanksgiving Day rivalry in the country. Boston Latin won 28-6 in the teams’ 129th meeting in 2015; a game played at Fenway Park, home to the Boston Red Sox (MLB).
The first Thanksgiving professional football games were played November 25, 1920. No games were played on the holiday from 1941-44 because of World War II.
The Detroit Lions and Dallas Cowboys have been Thanksgiving staples. The Lions began playing on the day as a result of owner G.A. Richards trying to get more fans in the stands. Detroit played the Chicago Bears on Thanksgiving Day 1934 and the Lions have played on the day every year since. The Cowboys jumped on the Turkey Day bandwagon in 1966 (defeating the Cleveland Browns) in an effort to build their brand and fan base as well.
The NFL has since expanded what used to be “Detroit vs.” and “Dallas vs.” to a three-game slate nowadays. Kickoffs are 12:30 p.m. EST, 4:30 p.m. EST and 8:30 p.m. EST because like all the food, no one can ever get enough on Thanksgiving.
2015 NFL Thanksgiving Games
|Kickoff (EST)||Game||Attendance||TV channel||Viewers (age 2+)|
|12:36 p.m.||Philadelphia at Detroit||64,445||FOX||25,430,664|
|4:31 p.m.||Carolina at Dallas||90,909||CBS||32,487,069|
|8:31 p.m.||Chicago at Green Bay||78,488||NBC||27,750,591|
*Stats courtesy of NFL