Guadalajara has grown rapidly in recent years. Some houses have been demolished to make way for new apartment towers everywhere. But among these new buildings there are some period buildings that remain. What follows are the architectural wonders of the city that mustn’t be missed.
Instituto Cultural Cabañas
This building has witnessed the history of Guadalajara. It was a hospice and military barracks during independence and the Mexican revolution, but today the building operates as a museum. The interior is adorned with the murals of José Clemente Orozco, one of the main exponents of Mexican muralism. It is named after Bishop Juan Cruz Ruiz de Cabañas y Crespo, who began its construction in 1796. It is an example of Mexican neoclassical architecture and features 23 courtyards, and 72 corridors connecting to 126 rooms. The building was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997. The site is open to visitors from Tuesday through Sunday from 10AM to 6PM.
Instituto Cultural Cabañas, Paseo Hospicio, San Juan de Dios, Guadalajara, México, +52 33 3668 1645
This theater is the most prominent house of the arts in the state of Jalisco, with regular theatrical and artistic performances. The building was designed and conceived by the architect Jacobo Gálvez, who began construction in 1856. Ten years later, the building was inaugurated on September 13, 1866. The building’s design is very Italian in style. At present, the venue is the home of the Jalisco Philharmonic Orchestra, and shows related to theater, opera, and dance, as well as artistic and cultural festivals.
Teatro Degollado, Calle Degollado, Centro, Zona Centro, Guadalajara, México, +52 33 3658 0520
Museo de las Artes
This building was formerly home to the University of Guadalajara, but is today a museum of contemporary art. At one point it was the seat of the general rectory of the University. There are also presentations of books or special events. In its dome is painted El Hombre Pentafásico, another masterpiece of Orozco, the favorite muralista of Jalisco. The Museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10AM to 6PM.
Museo de las Artes, Calle Juárez, 975, Colonia Centro, Americana, Guadalajara, México, +52 33 3134 1664
Catedral de Guadalajara
Catedral de Guadalajara
Guadalajara Cathedral is one of the most emblematic buildings in the city. Its history goes back to the Spanish colony, and the structure has undergone a lot of modifications to become what you see today. Its current towers were completed in 1854; they are made of very light rock material to withstand earthquake damage.
Catedral de Guadalajara, Av. Alcalde 10, Zona Centro, 44100, Guadalajara, México, +52 33 3613 7168