Beyond regular sightseeing tours, the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador presents travellers with thrilling opportunities to view wildlife, wilderness landscapes and star-studded night skies.
Rugged yet accessible, Newfoundland and Labrador is home to Canada’s most easterly national park and dark sky preserve. The island of Newfoundland’s remarkable geology enables visitors to view fossilised lifeforms from more than half a billion years ago and gaze along steep-sided fjords. White-water rafting, snorkeling with whales and guided caving count among the long list of awesome eco-tours which visitors can experience in the province.
How about rolling over the side of a Zodiac boat bobbing in the Atlantic to snorkel near humpback whales? If you’re a capable swimmer this is an option five mornings a week (not Tuesdays and Wednesdays) from Petty Harbour, a 15 minute drive south of St. John’s. Non-snorkelers can stay aboard the boat.
Ocean Quest Adventures operate marine wildlife snorkeling tours from May to mid-September. July is typically the best month for humpback sightings.
A wetsuit and snorkeling gear are provided. The three-hour tour also showcases nesting seabirds and coastline geology near Petty Harbour.
Afterwards pop into the waterfront Chafe’s Landing Restaurant for lunch. Seafood chowder, a speciality of Atlantic Canada, plus fish and chips feature on the menu.
Looking for a rocking time? Guided hikes start from the Edge of Avalon Interpretative Centre, 136km (85mi) south of St. John’s, to view Ediacaran Period fossils of long-extinct creatures and plants.
The stratified, sea-lashed cliffs of Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve formed part of the ocean floor 560m- 580m years ago. Natural erosion has revealed the world’s oldest complex lifeform fossils, the reason this is a Unesco World Heritage site.
From mid-May until mid-October, hikes lasting up to four hours begin daily at 10.30am and 12.30pm. Even in midsummer, sturdy footwear and layered clothing will prove useful.
If you appreciate maritime history, then a visit to nearby Cape Race Lighthouse is a must. The wireless station here was the first on land to receive the Titanic’s distress signals after she clipped an iceberg in 1912.
Terra Nova National Park is three hours’ drive northwest of St. John’s. Waterfront glamping at Malady Head or Newman Sound means you’re well-placed to hike the park’s 10 self-guided trails. Paddle a rented kayak to appreciate the sounds of birdlife and rustling waterfront foliage while exploring coastal inlets.
In 2018 Terra Nova became Newfoundland and Labrador’s first dark sky preserve. Low light pollution means there is a good chance of seeing the Milky Way as you sit outside under the night sky. If you’re here during the Perseids meteor shower in mid-August, you can enjoy watching shooting stars blaze across the sky.
Don’t worry if you don’t know much about astronomy – you can borrow a night sky kit from the activity centre. The kits include binoculars plus tips on where to look.
Visit Corduroy Brook Nature Centre in Grand Falls-Windsor between June and September for an introduction to the region’s wetland wildlife. Beavers count among the creatures you may spot on more than 20km (12.5mi) of nature trails. Set aside a couple of hours to discover the measures in place to provide healthy habitat for migrating Atlantic salmon at the town’s Salmonid Interpretation Centre.
The salmon swim up Exploits River to their traditional spawning ground. Even if you’re a novice or a non-swimmer, you can travel down the river on a guided white-water rafting tour with Badger Chute Run. Pack ecofriendly waterproof sunscreen for trips on sunny days.
Prefer a hit of adrenaline? Rafting over the island’s biggest rapids begins with you plunging off a 15ft (5m) cliff to board the vessel. Be prepared to get wet while bouncing along the foaming waterway.
Pack clothes that you don’t mind getting dirty if you plan on crouching and crawling through Corner Brook caves. The entrance is 1.25mi (2km) west of town. Book a guided caving tour where you’ll be accompanied by an expert who knows their way between the underground caverns.
From Corner Brook, its about 12.5mi (20km) to the open wetlands and woodland of Little Grand Lake Provisional Ecological Reserve. The reserve provides habitat to endangered Newfoundland martens. If you’re a keen wildlife and nature photographer, take a guided multi-day hike and photo tour for an insightful backwoods experience with opportunities to create memorable images.
Arrive at the Norris Point waterfront 15 minutes before your scheduled departure to board the BonTours catamaran for tours of Bonne Bay. Sailings into the Gulf of St Lawrence operate throughout June to September’s end.
A light-hearted yet informative live commentary highlights natural landmarks such as the windswept top of Gros Morne Mountain. You may see creatures including minke whales, moose and bald eagles, so binoculars can prove handy.
You’ll also have the chance to become an honorary Newfoundlander during the cruise. Screech-in ceremonies involve donning a sou’wester hat, kissing a cod and downing a shot of rum.
Well-marked hiking trails allow you to explore Gros Morne National Park at your own pace. The Unesco World Heritage site’s wilderness landscape features tundra and freshwater fjords. Set aside half a day to skirt through woodland into a glacial valley on the 8mi (14km) Trout River Pond Trail.
Taking to the water offers a different perspective. Western Brook Pond’s steep, semi-wooded sides were also sculpted by glaciers more than 10,000 years ago. Between June and September two-hour boat tours of the fjord depart from Rocky Harbour’s Ocean View Hotel and include the national park fee.
Prepare to walk up to 45 minutes from the car park to the boat jetty. Tours of the 10mi (16km) fjord take you to the top of Pissing Mare Falls, the province’s highest waterfall.
Located in the pretty region of Corner Brook, known around the world as one of the best places to live, Greenwood Inn & Suites is based among the buzz of the city with ocean and mountain scenery on its doorstep. Start your day with a quick dip in the indoor pool before wandering into the city centre for a spot of breakfast.