The Gulf Islands are located in the Strait of Georgia, between Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia, and were named one of the world’s best coastal destinations by National Geographic. Among the more than 200 islands within the archipelago, inhabited islands include Salt Spring, Pender, Mayne, Denman, Gabriola, Hornby, and Galliano. The Gulf Islands are known for their artist communities, locally produced food and wine thanks to its Mediterranean-style climate, and plethora of outdoor and family activities.
Known in French as Îles de la Madeleine, the Magdalen Islands archipelago consists of eight major islands and some smaller ones, too. Although they are closer to Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia, the Magdalen Islands are part of Quebec. The islands are known for their unique culture, natural surroundings, and gastronomy—lobster is a tradition dish.
Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island is one of three maritime provinces, Canada’s smallest province in both size and population, and produces 25% of the country’s potatoes. The island is known for its distinctive coastlines—red cliffs juxtaposed against white sandy beaches—as well as the setting of Anne of Green Gables.
The Thousand Islands archipelago—1,864, to be exact—straddles the Canada/United States border and sits within the Saint Lawrence River. Many people traveling from Canada use Kingston, Ontario, as their base before visiting the Thousand Islands, where they can cruise the waterways or visit historic sites, castles, and orchards.
The remote location, quiet communities, and untouched landscape of Fogo Island, Newfoundland and Labrador’s largest offshore island, make it a must-visit destination in Canada. The uniquely designed Fogo Island Inn is drawing more attention to the island with its rooftop spa, art studio, and rocky coastline surroundings. According to the Flat Earth Society of Canada, Fogo Island’s Brimstone Head is one of the four corners of the Earth.
Sable Island, located 190 miles (300 kilometers) southeast of Halifax, is uninhabited, only accessible by plane or boat, and requires permission from Parks Canada before visiting. But its sandy beaches, 350 offshore shipwrecks (earning it the nickname Graveyard of the Atlantic), wild horses, and home to the world’s biggest grey seal breeding colony make it a unique Canadian island.
The largest Pacific island east of New Zealand, Vancouver Island is more than the home of British Columbia’s capital, Victoria. Its rich indigenous history, beautiful architecture, and stunning coastline make it a must-see. Vancouver Island highlights include hiking the West Coast Trail, devouring the Cowichan Valley, whale watching, visiting picturesque Tofino, and winter skiing at Mount Washington Alpine Resort.
An island within a lake, within an island within a lake—what a brain twister! The world’s largest freshwater lake island, Manitoulin Island is home to many lakes, which in turn, have islands within them as well. At this laid-back destination, visitors can enjoy the peaceful outdoors, kayak into the sunset, take long hikes, walk the boardwalk, and fish from the dock.
Formerly known as the Queen Charlotte Islands, Haida Gwaii is a remote archipelago off the coast of British Columbia. About half of the population are First Nations Haida people. The archipelago consists of two major islands—Graham and Moresby—plus approximately 150 smaller islands. It’s home to incredible raw beauty, as well as the SGang Gwaay UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Baffin Island is the fifth largest island in the world and home to about 11,000 people. Described as “Canada’s Arctic Playground,” it is Baffin’s remote Arctic landscape that makes it beautiful: millions of birds plus narwhals, beluga whales, walruses, and polar bears live around the island at different times of the year. It’s also a prime spot for viewing the Northern Lights.
Cape Breton Island
Located in Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island is popular with tourists thanks to its picturesque Cabot Trail. It’s one of the world’s most beautiful coastal drives as the highway winds beside the ocean and passes cute fishing villages. The island is also known for its hiking and camping opportunities within Cape Breton National Parks, its golf courses, its multicultural history, and the Fortress of Louisbourg.
The Toronto Islands are home to Centreville Amusement Park, parklands, beaches (one is clothing-optional), and many yacht clubs; however, the most beautiful part of the islands is their view of the Toronto skyline. Popular activities include kayaking around the islands and picnicking within the parks.