Despite the fact that Amman has served as the country’s political and cultural capital since the establishment of the Kingdom of Jordan in 1946, visitors typically overlook this locale when planning their stay. The city was once home to ancient civilisations such as the Romans and the Byzantines, and today, it is bursting with life and increasingly looked at as an important city in the way of culture and arts in the Middle East.
Currently standing as one of the oldest inhabited mountains of the capital, Jabal Amman is fast becoming the centre of arts and culture in the capital, with many galleries and artist’s studios located in the area, including Nabad and Jacaranda.
The famous cobble-stoned Rainbow Street will guide you in and around the many coffee shops and restaurants where you can grab a bite to eat or enjoy a coffee whilst people-watching on one of the busiest streets in the city.
If you’re looking for somewhere to sit and enjoy magnificent scenic views of Amman, head to Wild Jordan Centre where you can grab a coffee or healthy, hearty meal. Owned by the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, the centre promotes Jordan’s thriving ecotourism sector and also houses a gift shop where you can purchase an assortment of handicrafts to take home with you. All profits of the centre go towards protecting and funding the many ecotourism sites in the country.
The hip, yet quiet area of Jabal Al Weibdeh is an intellectual hub of Amman, historically home to left wingers, artists, and writers alike.
When Amman was made the capital of Transjordan in 1946, many of the wealthiest sections of society moved to this area. Some of the oldest and architecturally pleasing buildings in this area used to be studios for artists and writers; however, many have now become unique cafés and cultural spaces. A wonderful example of this is the café Fan wa Chai (Art and Tea), which is now running as an ‘art cafe’, regularly exhibiting new works of contemporary art and photography throughout the year.
If the weather is pleasant, spend your day café-hopping with a good book along Shariah Street. Rumi Cafe is a key bustling spot for young professionals and local youth involved in the art scene. If you are lucky enough to find a seat, perch outside and enjoy their amazing selection of teas (everything from Iranian to Yemeni tea) alongside a slice of organic fruit bread or cake.
Downtown Amman is the heart of the city and sits in the middle of the surrounding seven hills, which originally made up this metropolis; therefore, it should be your one essential stop if you want to learn anything about the country and its people. Head to The Grand Husseini Mosque, located almost in the centre of downtown, where locals gather to pray throughout the day. There is also a fruit and vegetable market, which sits just behind the mosque, where you will find vendors singing to entice shoppers to their stall.
Widely considered to be the centre of the city’s trading and commercial activity, you’ll also find many shops and markets packed tightly into the confines of the district. Many open shopfronts sell everything from clothing and antiques to gold and smaller trinkets, but you should explore the six main streets – Prince Mohammad, King Talal, Quraysh, Al-Salt, Al-Hashemi and Basman – as they each have their own speciality when it comes to the goods for sale. For example, head to King Talal for handmade goods, carpets and fabrics or Al-Hashemi for an assortment of souvenir stalls.
A historical site located in the centre of downtown, the Amman Citadel sits on Jabal Al Qal’a, one of the seven hills that originally made up Amman. The importance of the Citadel lies in it being one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited places, and it has a long history of occupation by many great civilisations such as the Romans and Byzantines.
Notable places on the site include the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church and the Umayyad Palace, and while archaeologists have been working on the site since the 1920s, significant parts remain unexcavated to this day.
Amman Citadel, Amman, Jordan, +962 6 463 8795
Traditional Jordanian food will be a highlight of your travel experience. If you manage to bag yourself an invite to a home-cooked dinner, then you’ve hit the jackpot, but there are also many authentic restaurants located downtown, including Al Quds and Shahrazad where you can sample dishes such as Mansaf and Maqloube for an affordable price.
While travellers know Jordan best for its rich history and beautiful landscapes, Amman is home to incredible contemporary Middle Eastern art. Art lovers will want to explore the areas of Jabal Al Weidbdeh and Jabal Amman, where most art galleries reside.
Also, make sure you keep an eye out for the incredible street art around Amman as you’re exploring. In recent times, graffiti artists, such as Yara Hindawi, are becoming increasingly recognised in the art scene, and their works provide an added aesthetic dimension to the city.