Jerusalem is a city in which majestic religious sites, beautiful cobbled streets and ancient tunnels are the norm. Prepare to be captivated by Jerusalem’s history and intrigue with this visual guide to its key sites.
Mount of Olives
A mountain ridge east of, and adjacent to, Jerusalem’s Old City, the Mount of Olives is where many tours of Jerusalem begin. This is an important site of worship for Christians, as several key events in the life of Jesus are believed to have occurred here. The Mount of Olives has also been used as a Jewish cemetery for over 3,000 years.
Garden of Gethsemane
Located at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, this garden is significant for Christians due to its role in the story of Jesus’s crucifixion – it is believed that he prayed here the night before. Moreover, the garden’s olive trees are among the oldest in the world, with some being at least 900 years old.
The Armenian Quarter, located in the southwest corner of Jerusalem’s Old City, is the smallest of the four quarters that exist here in both area and population. Jerusalem has been home to Armenians since roughly the 4th century AD, when Armenian monks settled there.
Located in the northwestern corner of the Old City, the Christian Quarter contains around 40 Christian holy places, most notably the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Located in the Christian Quarter, this ancient and labyrinthine church is built over the tomb of Jesus and is believed to be the scene of his crucifixion. For many Christians, this has been the most important pilgrimage destination since at least the 4th century. Today it also serves as the headquarters of the Greek Patriarch of Jerusalem.
Home to dozens of synagogues and yeshivas (places of the study that focus on traditional, Jewish texts), the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City is a fascinating area to explore. Visitors will enjoy the quarter’s ancient, cobbled streets, its narrow alleyways and its array of museums.
Also known as the Wailing Wall and the Kotel, this site, located in the Jewish Quarter, this is one of the holiest in Judaism and a key Jerusalem attraction. Visitors should dress modestly when visiting this important location.
Western Wall Tunnels
Walking through these tunnels is a remarkable experience: located under buildings of the Old City, they give a glimpse into bygone Jerusalem. From ancient cisterns to second-temple era homes, you will be amazed by what you find in these fascinating tunnels.
Roughly 1,500 years ago, this was one of Jerusalem’s busiest roads. Now, it is one of the key attractions in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City, due to its impressive columns and built-in modern shopping lane.
Located in the Old City, Temple Mount is one of the world’s holiest – and most contested – sites due to its religious significance in Islam, Judaism and Christianity. It contains three great structures: the al-Aqsa Mosque, the Dome of the Rock and the Dome of the Chain, as well as four minarets.
Tower of David
Also known as ‘Jerusalem’s Citadel’, this structure is a medieval fortress which has been developed architecturally over time. A site of tremendous archaeological significance, the Tower of David is located on the western side of the Old City, near the Jaffa Gate.
This is the largest of Jerusalem’s four quarters, with approximately 22,000 residents. In the heart of it lies the colourful and bustling shuk, characterised by its maze of ancient intertwined streets and narrow alleyways. This quarter is also home to many remnants of bygone eras.
Beneath the Muslim Quarter lies an extraordinary cave, known as Zedekiah’s Cave or Solomon’s Quarries. Stretching across approximately five acres, this is the largest man-made cave in Israel.
Mahane Yehuda market
This is one of Jerusalem’s largest shuks, packed with locals and tourists alike. Full of fresh and colourful produce and spices, delicious food ranging from Italian to Iraqi, boutique shops and jewellery stores, as well as lively nightlife, this is a central attraction in Jerusalem.
Yad Vashem is Israel’s largest Holocaust memorial, shaped as a prism on the slopes of the Mount of Remembrance on the edge of Jerusalem. With nine galleries showing the Holocaust through photographs, films, documents, letters, works of art, and personal items found in the camps and ghettos, visiting Yad Vashem is an incredibly important and moving experience.