A beloved landmark, the Natural History Museum dates all the way back to 1753. The renowned doctor Sir Hans Sloane collected natural history specimens and cultural artefacts throughout his life. Upon his death, it was found in his will that he had requested for Parliament to buy his collections and display them. Sloane had collected over 71,000 objects and the findings were bought for a gigantic £20,000; this was the beginning of the museum.
The Natural History Museum was originally part of the British Museum but in 1963 a separate board of trustees were appointed to take over the running of the institution. Despite separating from the British Museum in the 1960s, it wasn’t until 1992 that the museum was officially named Natural History.
The terracotta constructed building was officially opened on 18 April 1881; it was built with this material as terracotta was more resistant to Victorian London’s harsh climate. The structure has examples of Romanesque architecture and has been considered a work of art in its own right. The gallery ceilings were adorned with elaborate tiles that display a wide variety of plants, and the Hintze Hall ceiling boasts a vast 162 individually decorated panels; reflecting the era when exotic plant specimens were being introduced into Britain.
The immense size of the museum comes down to Sir Richard Owen. Owen insisted that the building be big enough to house the entirety of their collections and have room for their ever expanding specimens. The controversial man, known for his quick temper, made sure there was a large amount of space for the creatures and fossils to come in.
Owen famously claimed the museum as ‘a cathedral to nature’, insisting that it be completely free and accessible to anyone of any background.
📅 Open daily, 10AM – 5.50PM (last entry to exhibitions 5.15PM)