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The Athletic Brain contains an enormous amount of information. It’s perhaps fitting there is plenty for your brain to process, as you move from one theory or scientific programme to the next, but the book is reassuringly inclusive. There is a huge amount of scientific content featured – the book was two years in the making – but everything is made accessible so very little scientific background is required to be able to enjoy it as a reader.
‘I was surprised by how much stuff was out there,’ Katwala told The Culture Trip. ‘The 10,000 Hour Rule by Malcolm Gladwell and Bounce by Matthew Sayed have been done already so you have to go over that a little bit otherwise the book won’t make sense, but I’m still getting people phoning me up telling me about the latest development or technology.’
Not everyone, however, is quite so forthcoming. While some companies are eager to promote their latest advancements, sports teams are understandably coy about showing their hand. Katwala explains, ‘The teams were very secretive, they don’t want other people knowing what may give them an edge. The Boston Red Sox spoke to me a bit about what they do, and the ECB (English Cricket Board) spoke to me which was great, but most of the information is from the companies that work with these teams.’
One particular highlight of the book is all about choking – blowing a lead and suffering defeat from a seemingly assured victory. ‘That’s part of what sport is, you’ll never eliminating choking, but you don’t want to either,’ Katwala said. ‘If you look at the reasons why one athlete succeeds and one doesn’t a lot of the time it comes down to pressure. It doesn’t have to be a total meltdown, it might be just a 5 percent drop in your performance.’
“The left prefrontal cortex, which is heavily involved when people initially learn new skills, grabs control again when ‘paralysis by analysis’ strikes. One way to stop this kind of choking is to give the prefrontal cortex something else to do. One experiment asked 30 semi-pro footballers to take penalty kicks to determine their base level performance. The next day they were asked to do the same again, but this time in front of a crowd of 300 students. The players who took penalties as normal missed more shots in front of a crowd. But half the group squeezed a small ball in their left hand while they took their shots on day two – and they managed to maintain their performance levels. The left side of your body is controlled by the right hemisphere of the brain, clenching your left hand draws blood (and therefore energy and oxygen) away from the interfering left prefrontal cortex. Automatic skills stay automatic.”
For so many fans of sport, the recurring question of how big a gulf in performance between ourselves and professionals is touched upon. In tests concerning reaction speed and mental agility the author’s results are nothing compared to Formula 1 driver Jenson Button, but somewhat comparable to double Olympic champion triathlete Alistair Brownlee, which offers some comfort to the average armchair athlete.
Katwala says since writing the book he’s become ‘more spatially aware when playing football’ and more accurate with target based sports. ‘If you hold your target in view for longer than you would normally, like a hole when putting, you learn to trust your body’s actions.’
There are a number of small tips and practices that can be taken from the book and used in your sporting life, no matter how amateur it may be (there are greater margins for improvement, after all), but this is no self-help book. Far more interesting than that, this offers a brilliant read for any inquisitive brain, athletic or not.
THE ATHLETIC BRAIN – How Neuroscience Is Revolutionising Sport And Can Help You Perform Better
by Amit Katwala
Simon & Schuster (UK)
357pp. | £16.99