The Haydarpaşa Terminal was built in 1909 by German architects Otto Ritter and Helmut Conu and served the railways until its closure in 2012. Overlooking the Bosphorus near the Kadıköy ferry station, visitors can still wander inside to linger for a while in the past.
Nearby the Haydarpaşa Terminal is the Selimiye Barracks, quite an imposing structure that is always a highlight on the ferry ride from Europe to Asia. The barracks served as a military hospital during the Crimean War where the famous nurse, Florence Nightingale, cared for British soldiers. Today the structure serves as the headquarters of the First Army of Turkish Land Forces.
Even though it’s dilapidated and in need of renovation, the Yanaros mansion on Büyükada continues to be a remarkable sight. It was also here that Leon Trotsky lived for four years in 1929 after being exiled from the Soviet Union.
Büyükada’s other hidden treasure is the Prinkipo Greek Orphanage, which looms eerily on the island’s highest point behind a scant curtain of trees. Taking up 20,000 square meters, the structure can only be gazed at from afar, because its utterly dilapidated state could pose a few dangers. However, the wooden structure is stunning nonetheless and one of Europe’s largest wooden buildings.