The Most Important Archaeological Sites in Turkey

Make sure to visit the Apollo Temple in Didyma, Turkey
Make sure to visit the Apollo Temple in Didyma, Turkey | © Classic Image / Alamy Stock Photo
Photo of Feride Yalav-Heckeroth
13 September 2021

There are 28 archaeological sites in Turkey that shine a light on the world’s earliest civilizations. From the Neolithic Age to the Roman Empire, here is a look at some of the most important archaeological sites in Turkey that continue to fascinate humankind.

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Çatalhöyük

Archaeological site, Historical Landmark
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Çatalhöyük, Turkey
© KENAN KAYA / Alamy Stock Photo

One of the most prominent archaeological sites in Turkey, the Çatalhöyük settlement was built during the Neolithic period and lies in the Konya Province. Due to its large size and its beautiful wall paintings, the site became world-famous when discovered in the late 1950s.

Yenikapı

Archaeological site
Map View

During the construction of the Marmaray Metro in 2004, archaeological remains were found in Istanbul’s Yenikapı district, and one of the world’s largest archaeological digs took place from 2004 until 2013. Excavations unearthed more than 35,000 objects and 36 ships dating from the seventh to the 11th centuries, connected mainly to the Theodosian Harbor in Constantinople, built during the reign of Byzantine emperor Theodosius I.

Ephesus

Museum
Map View
Library of Celsus, elevated view, Ephesus, Turkey
© Visions from Earth / Alamy Stock Photo
Certainly one of the most well-known archaeological sites for visitors to Turkey, Ephesus lies near the city of Selçuk in Izmir. Ephesus’s population thrived during the Roman period around the first century BCE, when it was one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean.
These recommendations were updated on September 13, 2021 to keep your travel plans fresh.

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