Valkhof has seen more than its fair share of history and has played an important role in Nijmegen’s politics and culture for well over two millennia. The Romans built a garrison on the hill, which would become the park, in the first century BC in order to capitalise on the area’s strategic location above the Waal river. Many other sites were built on the hill over the centuries, including an imperial palace in the 12th century, which was owned by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. Although every other part of the palace has since been demolished, its chapel still stands on Valkhof and features stonework that dates back to the Roman era. The park also hosts outdoor performances throughout the year and offers scenic views of the river.