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Spanish children during the Spanish Civil War | © Locospotter/WikiCommons
Spanish children during the Spanish Civil War | © Locospotter/WikiCommons
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Time Travel With These Exceptional Vintage Photos of Spain

Picture of Jessica Jones
Updated: 26 September 2017
Spain is one of the world’s most-visited countries and millions of tourists flock there every year for its stunning cities, beautiful beaches and captivating culture. Delve into the country’s history with these stunning vintage photos, showing everything from famous tourist sights to some of Spain’s most famous customs.

Puerta del Sol, Madrid

Puerta del Sol, 1870
Puerta del Sol, 1870 | ©Juan Laurent/Wikipedia Commons

This photo shows Madrid’s central meeting point in 1870. The fountain is still there today, but the building at the far end of the square now houses an Apple Store.

Benidorm

Nowadays, Benidorm is synonymous with tourists, towering skyscraper hotels and packed beaches, but back in the 1950s it was a sleepy fishing village just waking up to the possibilities of tourism.

Flamenco in Seville

A flamenco performance in Seville in 1888, taken by Emilio Beauchy
A flamenco performance in Seville in 1888, taken by Emilio Beauchy | ©CARLOS TEIXIDOR CADENAS/Wikipedia Commons

Seville in southern Spain is famous for its links to flamenco, the passionate Spanish dance and musical genre. This photo of a flamenco performance in a cafe cantante, or singing café, was taken around 1888. In 2010, UNESCO named flamenco one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

The Sagrada Familia, Barcelona

Barcelona-born architect Antoni Gaudí began the Sagrada Familia in 1882 and its construction continues to this day. This photo was taken in 1905, 23 years into the build. The building is slated for completion in 2026, the centenary of Gaudí’s death.

Guernica

Guernica after being bombed
Guernica after being bombed | ©Bundesarchiv Bild/Wikipedia Commons

The Basque city of Guernica was bombed during the Spanish Civil War by the German Luftwaffe, allies of the Spanish Nationalists. The bombing took place on April 26, 1937 and its horrors were depicted in Pablo Picasso’s most famous work, Guernica.

Children in the Spanish Civil War

Spanish children during the Civil War
Spanish children during the Civil War | © Locospotter/WikiCommons

These Spanish children are about to be evacuated during the Spanish Civil War, and are giving the Republican salute of a raised fist. Thousands of children were evacuated through the port of Bilbao in Spain to countries around Western Europe, as well as the Soviet Union and Mexico.

¡No Pasaran! – ‘They Shall Not Pass!’

‘They shall not pass’
‘They shall not pass’ | ©Mikhail Koltsov/Wikipedia Commons

¡No pasaran! was a Republican rallying cry during the Siege of Madrid, a two-and-a-half year siege on the Spanish capital by Nationalist troops during the Spanish Civil War. The phrase was used by Dolores Ibárruri, a communist politician, during a famous speech made in 1936. She was referring to the Nationalist troops, led by Francisco Franco, who were determined to take Madrid. This photo shows a banner with the sign strung over Calle de Toledo, just off the city’s Plaza Mayor.

The Catalan Human Tower

Castells, or human towers, are a uniquely Catalan tradition that is over 200 years old. Men, women and children construct towers of, these days, up to 10 storeys high, during Catalan public holidays and fiestas. This photo, taken in 1966, shows the Castellers of Barcelona.

Audrey Hepburn and Deborah Kerr

Deborah Kerr and Audrey Hepburn
Deborah Kerr and Audrey Hepburn | ©Susanlenox/Flickr

The actors were snapped at the San Sebastián International Film Festival in 1964 during the 12th edition of the festival. One of the world’s leading film festivals, it has attracted many Hollywood stars to the Basque city over the years.

Real Madrid

Real Madrid in 1906
Real Madrid in 1906 | ©Unknown/Wikipedia Commons

This photo shows the Real Madrid football team in 1906, just four years after it was founded as Madrid Football Club. As is clear from the photograph, the team has always worn white football shirts, which gave them their nickname, Los Blancos (‘The Whites’).

Las Palmas Carnival, Gran Canaria

Las Palmas Carnival parade, 1891
Las Palmas Carnival parade, 1891 | ©Luis Ojeda Pérez/Wikipedia Commons

This photo was taken in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, in 1891 and shows locals celebrating the local carnival, still one of the most famous carnivals in Spain, which dates back to at least the 15th century. The photo shows the main parade, or cabalgata, which has taken place through the centre of the town each February.

Take a look at the work of some of Spain’s most famous photographers.