It is generally acknowledged that Santiago de Compostela‘s cathedral is one of the greatest architectural masterpieces of Spain. The activities around the cathedral played a major role in Europe during the Middle Ages. One legend posits the cathedral was associated with the apostle James whose relics had been brought from Jerusalem by a boat of angels. They were discovered a few centuries later by a hermit, Pelagius, and the place became a sacred seat where initially a small church was built. The cathedral was built in an astonishingly rich baroque style. It has long attracted pilgrims from all corners of the world, with the popular pilgrimage route being known as the Camino de Santiago or Way of St. James.
The city of Leon located in the north-west of Spain is known for its gothic cathedral. This majestic building was built in the 13th century on the ruins of Roman baths and is better known as the House of Light or Pulchra Leonia. Much of the cathedral is a treasure of gothic architecture. It hosts an art collection that includes almost 1,500 pieces of romanesque and neoclassical artworks. The memory of the past lingers in its majestic walls, grand towers and magical stained-glass windows. This is one of the three most important stops on the Way of St James.
The Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar located in Zaragoza is one of the most famous religious buildings in Spain. The Lady of the Pillar was considered by Pope John II to be the Mother of the Hispanic Peoples, hence the importance of the figure. Legend has it that the church was built by St. James who brought Christianity to Spain after he had an apparition of Saint Mary. The basilica reflects an interesting mix of architectural styles: baroque, neoclassical and rococo. The church is also famous for containing frescoes painted by Francisco Goya – one of the most influential Spanish artists of all times.
The Granada Cathedral, better known as the Cathedral of the Incarnation, stands out for its imposing, magnificent structure. Originally planned as the royal mausoleum of Charles I of Spain, it later changed to have religious purposes; however, its stunning majesty is apparent to every visitor. The cathedral displays royal features such as triumphal arches, pillars and Corinthian columns. The building beautifully blends different architectural styles. Its circular elements are inspired by the idea of a ‘perfect building’ elaborated in Alberti’s works.
Among Spain’s churches, the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona is one of the most iconic and original. It took some time to convince the pope to sponsor the building. But, once it was approved, the internationally acclaimed Catalan architect and visionary Antoni Gaudi began his enormous project in 1882; it’s still unfinished and being constructed today. With its innovative architectural style, which combines gothic and Art-Nouveau elements, Sagrada Familia has taken a well-deserved place as one of the most extraordinary architectural marvels of all times. People travel from all over the world to see the building, and it has come to be one of Barcelona’s main sights. The Basilica is expected to be completed in 2026 – the year of the centenary of Gaudi’s death.
The Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba, located in the picturesque region of Andalusia, is a fascinating example of history becoming entangled. The building is believed to have originally been a Catholic church, which later, in the early 8th century, shared between Muslims and Christians during the Muslim conquest of Spain. Later it became a solely Muslim site and the grand mosque of Córdoba was built in the grounds, becoming one of the best examples of Moorish architecture. With the Reconquista the building was turned into a Roman Catholic church and a renaissance cathedral nave was added in the 16th century. The Cordoba Cathedral is known for its design, which reflects Moorish architectural style at its best, with decorative tile work, graceful arches and soaring domes. The place remains one of the most religious-historic wonders of the world.