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Ranch|©12019/Pixabay
Ranch|©12019/Pixabay
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15 Surprising English Words You Didn’t Realise Were Stolen from Spanish

Picture of Jessica Jones
Updated: 2 October 2017
Language is forever evolving, and many words of Spanish origin have seeped into the English language over the years. We explore some of the most interesting words that the Spanish have loaned to us that we use on a daily basis, that perhaps you didn’t realise.

California

California is a fictional paradise in the the 1510 novel The Adventures of Esplandián, written by Spanish writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. In the book, the island of California is ruled by Queen Calafia, her name echoing the name for the Muslim leaders of Spain, the Caliphs. Spanish explorer Francisco de Ulloa wrongly thought that Baja California, in Mexico, was an island when he first landed there, so named it after the mythical island in Montalvo’s adventure story.

Golden Gate Bridge
Golden Gate Bridge | ©Free-Photos/Pixabay

Lasso

Many cowboy terms come from Spanish and lasso is no exception. It derives from the Spanish lazo, which means tie or rope.

Ranch

The term ranch comes from the Mexican-Spanish rancho, which means ranch, or farm. It can also mean settlement or camp.

Breeze

Breeze comes from the Spanish brisa, which means a cold wind.

Mosquito

In Spanish, adding ‘ito’ to the end of a word makes it into a little something-or-other, so mosquito literally means “little fly.” Almost cute if it didn’t enjoy biting you and sucking your blood.

Alligator

The word “alligator” in English comes from the Spanish “el lagarto,” which means the lizard. It is just a big lizard, after all.

Armadillo

The original Spanish means little armoured one—quite an apt name for the hard-skinned animal, whose shell helps protect it from danger.

Armadillo
Armadillo | ©skeeze/Pixabay

Quixotic

If someone is undertaking an unrealistic, foolish, or seemingly insurmountable task, you might describe it as “quixotic,” but do you know where the word comes from? It refers to the title character in Miguel de Cervantes’ novel Don Quixote, one of the great novels of Spanish Golden Age literature. After reading too many books about chivalry, Don Quixote decides to embark on a journey to restore the old-fashioned trait and restore justice in Spain—a pretty “quixotic” task, it turns out.

Don Quixote (right) and Sancho Panza
Don Quixote (right) and Sancho Panza | ©Gustave Doré/Wikipedia Commons

Lothario

Another common word that was given to us by the novel Don Quixote, lothario is used to describe an untrustworthy seducer in “The Impertinent Curious Man,” a story-within-a-story in the famous novel.

Guerilla

The word literally means “little war” in Spanish and refers to a small fighting force. The word for a guerrilla fighter is a guerrillero for a man and guerrillera for a woman.

Suave

This word, usually used to describe a charming, elegant kind of guy, comes from the Spanish, meaning smooth.

Actor Antonio Banderas could be described as “suave”
Actor Antonio Banderas could be described as “suave” | ©Caroline Bonarde Ucci/Wikipeda Commons

Alcatraz

The island off San Francisco, which was famously home to a prison until the 1960s, was named La Isla de los Alcatraces, or the Island of the Pelicans by Juan Manuel de Ayala, the first Spaniard to document the island in 1775. Alcatraz means pelican in old Spanish.

Alcatraz
Alcatraz | ©BKD/Pixabay

Patio

English adopted this word, which means courtyard, from the original Spanish.

Piña Colada

Just the name Piña Colada might bring to mind tropical beaches and summer holidays, but when you hear what it means in the original Spanish, it might put you off the cocktail forever… “Strained pineapple,” anyone?

Piña Colada
Piña Colada | ©stokpic/Pixabay

Renegade

This word comes from the Spanish renegado, which means “rebel.”

Learn more Spanish by checking out these 15 hilarious Spanish swearwords.