Must-Visit Attractions in Lisbon, Portugal

You wouldn't be the only one to think you were in San Francisco while viewing the Ponte 25 de Abril
You wouldn't be the only one to think you were in San Francisco while viewing the Ponte 25 de Abril | Photo by Jason Briscoe on Unsplash
Photo of Kerry Walker
22 September 2021

Whether you’re here for a few days or longer, Lisbon has something for everyone. Whatever you do, don’t go without Culture Trip’s guide on the city’s biggest hits.

Make the most of your Lisbon experience by joining Culture Trip’s specially curated nine-day Portugal trip, which includes three nights in Lisbon and a guided walking tour of the city.

Spread across seven hills and straddling the Tagus River, Lisbon is home to an attention-grabbing Moorish castle, whimsical Manueline architecture nodding to the Age of Discoveries, and vintage trams rattling from one landmark, gallery and hilltop lookout to the next. Staying longer than the weekend? Then you’ll also have time for day trips to the castles and palaces of Sintra, or to the futuristic Parque das Nações district, where you can discover one of Europe’s most spectacular aquariums.

São Jorge Castle

Building, Museum
Map View
Sao Jorge Castle in Lisbon, Portugal
© TTstudio / Alamy
Crowning a hill above the historic centre, Lisbon’s fortress transports you back to the Middle Ages. It dates to the 11th century when the city was under Moorish rule, though a settlement has been here since the 7th century BCE, as the archaeological site reveals. Head up here for far-reaching views from the pine-shaded ramparts – it’s a great place to play ‘spot the landmark’- or a peek through the camera obscura and a shot of history at the museum.

Carmo Convent

Ruins
Map View
Main nave and arches ruins of the Convent of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Lisbon, Portugal
© Andrei Nekrassov / Alamy
With the arches and pillars of its nave open to the sky, the enigmatic ruins of this gothic convent catch your eye as you wander Lisbon’s smart Chiado district. Founded as a convent for the Carmelite order in 1389, it was ravaged by the 1755 earthquake. Its archaeology museum showcases a chapel, beautifully tiled with Baroque azulejos (glazed, decorative tiles), alongside artefacts from prehistoric tools to Moorish friezes and pre-Columbian pottery.

Sé Cathedral

Cathedral, Church, Mosque
Map View
Tram 28 and Lisbon Cathedral
© Benny Marty / Alamy
Vintage tram 28E grinds to a halt in front of Lisbon’s fortified cathedral – one of the city’s greatest icons. It was built high and mighty above the ruins of a mosque by Portugal’s first king, Afonso I, after the city was recaptured from the invading Moors. After taking in gothic arches and medieval statuary in the vaulted interior, be sure to spend time looking at the Roman and Arabic archaeological remains in the cloisters.

The National Azulejo Museum

Museum, Art Gallery
Map View
Lisbon is famous for the history and artistry of its azulejos and the only the very finest adorn this carefully restored 16th-century Manueline convent, located just east of town – take bus 759 to get there. The collection is a magnificent romp through 500 years of azulejo craftsmanship, from the Renaissance to the baroque and contemporary. Go for a coffee in the spectacularly tiled former refectory.

The National Museum of Ancient Art

Art Gallery, Museum
Map View

Lodged in a baroque palace, just a short hop west of town, this museum harbours one of Lisbon’s most exquisite collections of ancient art. Among the treasures are Egyptian and Roman sculpture, old master paintings, Portuguese goldwork dating to the Age of Discoveries, plus precious textiles, lacquered furniture and ceramics from Asia. Renaissance genius Dürer’s painting of St Jerome in His Study (1521) and Nuno Gonçalves’s St Vincent Panels (1460) are unmissable.

Lisbon Oceanarium

Aquarium, Building
Map View
The centrepiece of Lisbon’s cutting-edge Parque das Nações district, this expansive aquarium is Europe’s biggest, and arguably best, recreating the Earth’s terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Puffins, penguins, jellyfish, sunfish, stingrays and playful sea otters all splash around in enormous tanks. Should you so wish, you can even spend a night with the sharks.

Berardo Museum

Museum
Map View
The undisputed star of the Belém Cultural Centre, this is Lisbon’s go-to gallery for modern and contemporary art. It showcases the collection of billionaire José Berardo, which includes abstract, surrealist and expressionist works to Kinetic and Pop Art. Top billing goes to paintings by the likes of Warhol, Pollock, Man Ray, Dalí and Picasso, as well as sculptures by Antony Gormley and Henry Moore. To save euros, visit on Saturday when entry is free.

Belém Tower

Monastery, Building, Architectural Landmark, Historical Landmark
Map View
Tower of Belem, Lisbon. alex-paganelli-rYVmXecm64Q-unsplash
Photo by Alex Paganelli on Unsplash
Belém Tower is another Unesco World Heritage site, due to its role in protecting Portugal’s coast during the Age of Discoveries and later. Portraying a combination of gothic and Manueline architecture like the Jerónimos Monastery, the Belém Tower attracts visitors for its appearance as well as its role in history. Admission Fee: €6 (£5.50).

Ponte 25 de Abril

Bridge
Map View

Take a selfie in front of Lisbon’s most iconic suspension bridge and you can kid people into thinking you’ve been to San Francisco. That’s because the 2.27km (1.41mi) Ponte 25 de Abril, built by the American Bridge Company in 1966, is pretty much the carbon copy of the Golden Gate Bridge. If you hire a car, it’s also a scenic drive you won’t want to miss out on.

Alfama

Historical Landmark
Map View
Lisbon. Famous old tram climbing uphill in Alfama.
© Peter Delius / Alamy

When most of Lisbon was rocked by the 1755 earthquake, the old Moorish quarter of Alfama stayed standing. With twisting, cobbled alleys leading past higgledy-piggledy houses in pastel colours, this is hands-down one of Lisbon’s most charismatic neighbourhoods. Melancholic fado (Portuguese folk music) drifts from bars, and locals chatter in front of old-school grocery stores and taverns, with the castle peering down from above and the river stretching out below.

Miradouros

University, Architectural Landmark
Map View
The stiff hike up to Lisbon’s miradouros (lookouts) is worth it for the soul-stirring views that await. Some even have kiosk cafés where you can kick back and enjoy the view. Among the favourites are Miradouro da Graça and, nearby, the highest of the high, Miradouro Senhora do Monte, gazing out over terracotta rooftops to São Jorge Castle and the Ponte 25 de Abril suspension bridge loping across the river. The tree-shaded Miradouro de Santa Catarina has more of a boho vibe.

Monastery of São Vicente da Fora

Church, Architectural Landmark
Map View

The crowning glory of Lisbon’s Graça neighbourhood, this monastery was founded in the 12th century, and then revamped in late-Renaissance mannerist style in the 17th century. The atmospheric church and cloisters are exquisitely festooned with blue-and-white azulejos that recount the history of the monastery and the 1147 Siege of Lisbon. The vaulted refectory is now a mausoleum for the Kings of the House of Braganza.

The Fado Museum

Museum
Map View
Portuguese guitar player, fado singer and acoustic guitar player in front of Fado Museum in Lisbon, Portugal
© Jacek Sopotnicki / Alamy
One of the most defining characteristics of the Portuguese spirit is saudade (a sense of nostalgic longing), best expressed in fado music. Huddled away in the Alfama, this museum zooms in on fado’s origins and the genre’s most famous singers and guitarists. Audioguides let you listen to recordings while you explore.

Calouste Gulbenkian Museum

Museum
Map View
For ancient art, head over to this phenomenal museum, which presents the collection that Armenian mega-collector Calouste Gulbenkian bequeathed to the city. Egyptian funerary masks, Greco-Roman medallions, Assyrian reliefs, Persian carpets, Qing Dynasty ceramics and Flemish tapestries are among the treasures, as are the exquisite art nouveau creations of French jeweller René Lalique.

Jerónimos Monastery

Monastery
Map View
When King Manuel I wanted to shout about Portugal’s colonial triumphs in 1501, he gave the go-ahead to build this monastery in fanciful Manueline style. Now part of a Unesco World Heritage site, the monastery is a visual feast, with intricately wrought stonework, plaited arches and twisted turrets in the cloisters and the cross rib-vaulted church where navigator Vasco da Gama lies buried. To beat the crowds and get more insight into the monastery’s history, join the Belém Walking Tour.

Praça do Comércio

Building
Map View
The Praça do Comércio in Lisbon. reiseuhu-3d8nSKrMcJI-unsplash
Photo by Reiseuhu on Unsplash

Down by the river, discover Lisbon’s captivating square, with its grand 18th-century colonnades, triumphal arch, trams, and equestrian statue of King José I. For the inside scoop on the city’s history from Roman to modern times, check out the Lisbon Story Centre – you can skip the queue by pre-booking tickets. If wine tasting is more your thing, check out the ViniPortugal tasting room.

São Roque Church

Cathedral, Church
Map View
Climb up the steep Calçada do Duque steps from Rossio square and at the top you’ll find this church – unassuming on the outside, fabulously ornate on the inside. Designed in Rome and shipped to Lisbon in 1747, its baroque chapel is lavishly adorned with gold, lapis lazuli, marble and azulejos. The adjacent museum is crammed with sacred art. The church sits on the edge of the Bairro Alto district.

National Palace of Pena

Building, Monastery, Park
Map View
Of Sintra’s extraordinary clutch of Romantic era palaces, villas and castles, none is crazier than Pena Palace, set high on a wooded hill and framed by folly-dotted botanical gardens. King Ferdinand II’s fervent imagination gave rise to this fantastical Moorish-Manueline creation in the mid-1800s, with its riot of candy-coloured domes, spires and fortifications. It’s a 40-minute train ride from Lisbon Rossio to Sintra.

Castelo dos Mouros

Building, Park, Ruins
Map View
Moorish Castle, Sintra, Portugal.. mark-lawson-7tS_YOTFTtA-unsplash
Photo by Mark Lawson on Unsplash
Perched above thickly wooded, boulder-speckled hills in the Unesco World Heritage town of Sintra, the romantic ruins of this Medieval Moorish castle are perfect for views over the city, which reach out as far as the Atlantic on clear days. It’s well worth the hike up for the panorama from the snaking ramparts alone.

This article is an updated version of a story created by Nina Santos.

Looking for more? You can book a stay with Culture Trip at one of these elegant luxury hotels and then set off to explore the city. You can explore the coolest neighbourhoods in Lisbon or spend some time admiring works of art in the best contemporary art galleries. After a long day, enjoy a delicious meal at one of these top restaurants and end the night with a drink at one of the best bars in Lisbon.

These recommendations were updated on September 22, 2021 to keep your travel plans fresh.

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