Situated in Monaco’s elevated old town known as ‘The Rock‘, the Prince’s Palace is where the royal family resides. The family has been reigning the principality for more than 700 years and the current palace was adapted from the original fortress that stood atop this advantageous headland since the 1200s.
A landmark sometimes missed amid its more domineering fellows, Monaco’s Palais de Justice is well worth finding in the old town. Created in 1924, its dual external staircases are extremely attractive and the building itself was built out of sea tuff, a grey stone which was also used for Monaco’s ramparts.
The Monte-Carlo Casino hasn’t always been such an imposing landmark in Monaco. Before the late 1870s, it was built in more of a seaside style, with the facade being that of a coastal establishment rather than the epitome of luxury. In 1878-79, the casino building was transformed and expanded – and again in the 1880s – to be similar to what we see today.
Monaco Cathedral is the resting place of Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier, as well as numerous members of the Grimaldi family. The cathedral was built over several decades (1875-1903) and consecrated in 1911. Its was built on the site of the first parish church in Monaco, built in 1252. The cathedral is equally as impressive a landmark within as it is externally.
This fortress was built in the early 1700s and rebuilt after being destroyed in 1944. It is now an open-air theatre and, during the summer months, shows are hosted in this gorgeous setting.
The Chapel of Mercy is a Roman Catholic church situated in Monaco’s old town. For 400 years – and until the 1870s, but it has since been resumed – this chapel was the starting point for the traditional ‘Procession of the Dead Christ’ on Easter Friday.
Hercules harbour is the only natural deep-water port in Monaco. The port has been an important part of Monaco’s history, providing the principality with an important mark on maritime trading routes and a strategic naval base. The modern port was completed in 1926, and in the 1970s underwent further improvements.
The museum of marine sciences is a very impressive building, especially when viewed from a profile setting. It sits right on the edge of the Monaco cliffs, with spectacular views out onto the Mediterranean Sea. This historical landmark is an example of Baroque Revival architecture and took 11 years to build. It was designed and built 100 years ago as a palace dedicated entirely to science.