The Top 10 Things to See and Do in Syracuse, Sicily

Photo of Mary Jane Dempsey
9 February 2017

The Sicilian city of Syracuse has been an important site throughout history. It is a place where ancient civilisations exist alongside modern culture, where visitors can see centuries old ruins and shop for local produce all in the same day.

Duomo (Syracuse) | ©Jon Shave / WikimediaCommons

Walk around Ortygia

The historical center of Syracuse is located on the island of Ortygia, connected to mainland via two bridges. Visitors will appreciate the baroque architecture as well as the city’s 13th century Castello Maniace. Other popular stops include the Graziella, Bottari, Mastruarua, Spirduta, Maestranza and Turba districts, as well as the Piazza del Duomo and the Fontana Aretusa.


The Duomo is considered the most important church in Syracuse and is under the protected of UNESCO. Its origins lie in the worship of the goddess Minerva, but its most striking feature has to be the combination of beautiful baroque and rococo architecture. The edifice was constructed in 1753 and is a magnificent sight, best admired from one of the cute cafés in the piazza.

Duomo, Piazza Duomo, 5, Siracusa SR, Italy, +39 0931 6532888

Fontana Aretusa

Fontana Aretusa, is a pretty fresh-water spring found on the island of Ortygia. It has a long literary history, having inspired Greek poets to create a myth about the water nymph Arethusa, who chose to be a spring rather than accept the advances of the river god. After that, the spring became a source of inspiration for many of the great poets, and is mentioned in John Milton’s Lycidas as well as Alexander Pope’s The Dunciad and Wordsworth’s The Prelude. It’s a lovely place for a bit of quiet reflection before continuing to explore the island.

Fontana Aretusa, Via Pompeo Picherali, Siracusa SR, Italy

Parco Archeologico della Neapolis

Lovers of history should be sure to check out Syracuse’s Parco Archeologico della Neapolis, which includes a 5th century BC Greek theater, still used for classical shows in the spring. The archeological park is also home to an ancient limestone quarry, catacombs and the Orecchio di Dionisio, which is grotto named after Dionysius who used the perfect acoustics to hear his prisoners. Tickets are available as the souvenir kiosks on the road leading up to Ortygia.

Opening hours: 9am – 5.30pm

Parco Archeologico della Neapolis, Via Paradiso, 14, Siracusa SR, Italy, +39 0931 66206

Miqwe in Giudecca

Mostly overlooked, the Syracuse Giudecca, or Jewish Quarter, is home to Europe’s oldest mickveh, ritual bath, known as the Miqwe in Giudecca. The Jewish community of Syracuse in Sicily during Roman times used the fresh water baths as a sacrament of absolution, which has been in practice since at least 322 BC. In the 1980s, a Sicilian woman found the old synagogue and hoped to convert it into a hotel. During the reconstruction, workers found the ancient baths and it is now a historical site. Guided visits are available in English and reservations are only required for groups of five people or more.

Opening hours: 9am – 7pm (mid May – Sept)

Miqwe in Giudecca, Via Alagona 52, Siracusa SR, Italy, +390 931 2 22 55

Teatro Greco

Map View
Found in the formerly mention Archeological della Neapolis, Teatro Greco was built and rebuilt in the 5th and 3rd centuries, respectively, and is included as part of UNESCO World Heritage Site. During the twentieth century, the theater saw its revival, when the Istituto Nazionale del drama Antico began to perform ancient Greek tragedies (in Italian) at sunset. The remarkable acoustics of the ancient theater allow the performers to act without a sound system and it’s a memorable experience to see them.

Museo Archeologico Regionale Paolo Orsi

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One of the main archeological museums in the continent, Museo Archeologico Regionale Paolo Orsi, was established in 1780, when the Bishop Alagona inaugurated the museum. More finds were added when Paolo Orsi oversaw the museum from 1895 to 1934. The venue is organized into four sectors, all which showcase archeological finds from the prehistoric, Greek and Roman periods. if that’s not enough, the ancient Villa Landolina, just outside the museum, houses even more ancient remains as well as the tomb of August von Platen.

Opening hours: Tues – Sat 9am – 6pm; Sun 9am – 1pm

Galleria Regionale

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Art enthusiasts will love the Museo Regionale di Arte Medoevale e Moderna in Siracusa, or the Galleria Regionale, which includes baroque and Renaissance works housed in the 13th-century Palazzzo Bellomo. Visitors should not leave the gallery without having seen Caravaggio’s Deposition of Santa Lucia (1608) and Antonello da Messina’s Annunciation(1474). The collection also includes items from the Byzantine period to the nineteenth century.

Opening hours: Tues – Sun 10am – 10pm

Temple of Apollo

Historical Landmark
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Dating back to the 6th century BC, the Temple of Apollo is located just in front of Piazza Pancali. The edifice has gone through a number of uses; everything from a church during the Byzantine times to barracks for Spanish soldiers during the 16th century. Paolo Orsi pursued excavations during the 20th century, which allowed for the integrity of the ruins to be restored. The original terracotta from the temple can be found in the Museo Archeologico Regionale Paolo Orsi.

Market at Ortigia

Market, Food Stall, Italian
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When you’ve had your fill of Syracuse’s past, it’s time to get a taste of its present. Take stroll over to the lively Ortigia Market on Via de Benedictis, which sells the freshest local products. Be sure to try a Sicilian specialty, such as snails or pistachios, and chat to the colorful vendors, who are happy to take you through their wares. Wines and other souvenirs can be bought at stores on Via Cavour.

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