National Etruscan Museum
Before the Romans came the Etruscans, an ancient civilisation based principally in Tuscany. The Etruscans had a heavy influence on early Roman society and, at one point, even ruled over their neighbours. In 509 BC, the Romans defeated the last Etruscan king, Tarquin, and the Republic was born. The Etruscans were eventually assimilated into Roman society, but elements of their culture – such as temple architecture and the worshipping of multiple gods – had a lasting impact. The National Etruscan Museum in Villa Giulia houses artefacts from this era, including the terracotta Sarcophagus of the Spouses.