From the MAXXI take a short tram ride south and head to the Museo dell’Ara Pacis. The Ara Pacis, or Altar of Peace, dates back to 13 BC and was commissioned by the Senate to celebrate Augustus’ return to Rome. This truly ancient monument today stands in one of Rome’s most modern buildings. Designed by American architect Richard Meier to replace a Fascist-era pavilion, the new structure is predominantly steel and glass, with two travertine stone feature walls providing a nod to the ancient artifacts housed within.
The final stop of the day is the EUR district in the south of Rome, easily accessible by metro. In the 1930s this area was transformed by a new style of architecture. To celebrate 20 years of Fascism, Benito Mussolini oversaw the construction of a number of bold, symmetrical and dominating buildings. Elements that emphasise Rome’s Imperial past, such as columns, arches and obelisks, are common – check out the cubic reworking of the Colosseum, the Palazzo della Civiltà, as a striking example. Today many of these fascist monuments have new purposes – the Palazzo dei Congressi is an event space while the Palazzo della Civiltà is the headquarters of fashion house Fendi.