Located about five kilometres (3.1mi) from Iraklio, Knossos is considered Europe’s oldest city, and its Minoan Palace
is a must-see. Discovered in 1878 by Minos Kalokairinos, Knossos
was once a ceremonial and political hub of Minoan civilisation and culture. The palace featured over 1,200 rooms, with some of them reconstructed to portray the grandeur of the site. In 1700 BCE, an earthquake destroyed the first palace – built sometime around 2000 BCE. Constructed in its place was an even greater palace, but evidence shows that it was destroyed in 1450 BCE, possibly by the Santorini eruption, the same one that ruined the ancient city of Akrotiri.