In 1824, university professor and art collector Ferdinand Franz Wallraf bequeathed his collection to the city of Cologne. Thirty years later, Cologne merchant Johann Heinrich Richartz donated the funds to build a museum to house the precious artworks, giving the museum its name.Over three floors, Cologne’s oldest museum
houses European art spanning from the Middle Ages to the early 20th century, with each story dedicated to a different period. Besides the most extensive collection of impressionist and neo-impressionist art in Germany, composed of prominent artworks by Monet, Renoir, Morisot, van Gogh, Cézanne, Rembrandt, and Munch, the museum features several baroque paintings by Rubens and Rembrandt. Lochner’s “Madonna in the Rose Bower,” also known as “kölsche Mona Lisa,” is the most notable piece in the Gothic collection.