When the old Cologne port was rezoned for commercial and residential use in the early 2000s, architects swarmed to renovate the old warehouses and build new, imaginative buildings on the now-available land. The Kranhäuser, or Crane Buildings, were designed by Alfons Linster and Hadi Teherani to gesture towards the loading cranes that used to line the docks. The set of three includes 16,000 square meters of office space and 133 luxury apartments.
Designed by Gottfried Böhm in 1960, the Brutalist, asymmetric St Gertrude, built entirely from concrete won the Cologne Architecture Prize in 1967. Inside, the nave resembles a cave and is lit to create warmth and calm. The thick wall keeps out the noise from the train tracks, and the sparse decoration continues the minimal theme. Three chapels with high, pointed rooflines and a 40m tower face the street.