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National Museum, Prague | © Madeleine Ball/Flickr
National Museum, Prague | © Madeleine Ball/Flickr

The Best Museums to Visit in Prague

Picture of Diana Bocco
Updated: 24 May 2017

Prague is full of museums dedicated to the arts, history and architecture. These exhibition spaces are home to some unique exhibits you won’t come across anywhere else in the world. Here’s a look at the best to visit in the Czech Republic’s capital city.

Kafka Museum

The Czech Republic has seen the birth of many famous writers, but none is better known than Franz Kafka. Born and raised in Prague, Kafka left his mark everywhere in the city, and that’s particularly obvious at this small but awesome museum dedicated to his work. Before entering the building, pay attention to the famous sculpture titled Piss, by renowned Czech sculptor David Černý. Then step inside the museum to see Kafka’s original manuscripts, letters, photographs and diaries, along with some of the writer’s personal belongings.

David Cerny sculptures in front of the Kafka Museum | ©UkillaJJ / Wikimedia Commons

David Cerny’s sculpture in front of the Kafka Museum | © UkillaJJ / Wikimedia Commons

Karel Zeman Museum

You might not know his name, but chances are you’ve seen some of his movies. Zeman revolutionised the world of special effects with his use of animations, visual tricks and miniature sets. The museum is just as playful as his movies were, so you’ll find lots of interactive features, chances to take trick photography (with you in it), machines and artifacts you can manipulate and much more. It’s meant to be a museum for adults, but kids are welcome as well.

Saská 3, 118 00 Praha 1-Malá Strana, Czechia

National Museum

Dating back to 1818 and with a massive collection of 14 million items, the National Museum is a must-see on your visit to Prague. The museum has six major departments, including the Department of Old Czech History (with artifacts dating back to the 10th century) and a very unique Department of Theater. (Please note, the 19th-century Main Building is currently under reconstruction, however the collections are currently being stored in the impressive New Building, which has a café and hosts a number of exhibitions. Additional buildings in the complex—including the fascinating collection of puppets at the Museum of Czech Puppets and Circus Acts, in Prachatice, South Bohemia—remain open, and are worth a visit.)

Václavské nám. 68, 115 79 Praha 1, Czechia

The New Building of the National Museum | Shutterstock

The New Building of the National Museum | Shutterstock

Museum of Communism

This small and almost informal museum houses a fun collection of items from the post World War II communist era. Aside from typical items (think statues of Lenin and communist propaganda posters), you’ll also find authentic photographs, a reproduction of an interrogation room and a school room, items to protect citizens against chemical warfare, and even a setup showing what life was like inside a factory. Don’t pass on the multimedia clips and audio programs.

Na Příkopě 10, 110 00 Praha 1, Czechia

Prague Jewish Museum

The Prague Jewish Museum has one of the largest collection of Judaic artifacts in the world. The museum’s collection includes everything from textiles to manuscripts to old photographs, but it’s perhaps most famous for chronicling the history of victims and survivors of the Holocaust. Film showings, events and concerts are also on throughout the year.

U Staré školy 141/1, 110 00 Praha 1-Staré Město, Czechia

The Jewish Museum | ©Feťour / Wikimedia Commons

The Jewish Museum | © Feťour / Wikimedia Commons

Sex Machines Museum

If you’re in the mood for something different, head to the only museum of sex machines in the world. There are lots of exhibits featuring mechanical erotic appliances, some even dating back to the 16th century. There are also chastity belts, royal thrones designed to facilitate intercourse, and even shoes worn by prostitutes in ancient Greece. Not a place for the faint of heart, but an experience you certainly won’t forget.

Melantrichova 476/18, 110 00 Praha 1-Staré Město, Czechia

Masks on display at the museum | ©Barbara / Wikimedia Commons

Masks on display at the museum | © Barbara / Wikimedia Commons

Museum of Public Transport

With over 40 carriages on display and an impressive collection of photographs, tickets, and plans, this is fun museum for all ages. There are early horse-drawn buses, dining train cars, and even the infamous “dark tram”, a specially designed tram used during WWII to avoid being easily spotted. Even better, the carriages and buses are actually open, so you can get on to take a closer look.

Patočkova 4, 162 00 Praha 6, Czechia

Old trams at the Museum | ©ŠJů / Wikimedia Commons

Old trams at the Museum | © ŠJů / Wikimedia Commons