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Female couple, 1915 by Egon Schiele
Female couple, 1915 by Egon Schiele | © Albertina, Vienna
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Don't Miss the Albertina's Radical Survey of Austrian Treasure Egon Schiele

Picture of Rachel Gould
Art & Design Editor
Updated: 19 May 2017
There’s only one month left to see Egon Schiele, the Albertina’s comprehensive exhibition of paintings by one of the 20th century’s most revolutionary artists.

Alongside his mentor, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele (1890—1918) remains one of the early 20th century’s most celebrated Austrian painters. Emaciated self portraits at masterful angles and provocative depictions of nude models poised the young artist for wild success in the face of tired artistic traditions—and he briefly enjoyed notoriety before tragically succumbing to Spanish influenza in 1918.

Egon Schiele Nude self-portrait, 1910 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Nude self-portrait, 1910 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele Seated Female Nude, Elbows Resting on Right Knee, 1914 Albertina Vienna
Egon Schiele, Seated Female Nude, Elbows Resting on Right Knee, 1914 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.

Though he died at only 28 years of age, Schiele was a prolific painter and draftsman during his short career. The Albertina places 160 of the artist’s masterful gouaches and drawings within the context of Vienna’s zeitgeist—a time of rapid exploration amongst the Austrian capital’s intelligentsia. From Freud’s pioneering exploration of the human mind to changing tides in music and poetry, Schiele lived in an era of curiosity—one which he, too, would come to define.

Egon Schiele Self-portrait in orange cloak, 1913 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Self-portrait in orange cloak, 1913 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna
Anton Josef Trcka Egon Schiele, 1914 Albertina, Vienna
Anton Josef Trcka, Egon Schiele, 1914 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna

The Albertina’s survey of Schiele’s work “positions his radical oeuvre within an epoch characterised by a schism between the modernist and the traditional.” Through the exhibition of Schiele’s drawings and watercolors alongside rare photographs of the artist and contextual artifacts relevant to his work, Egon Schiele “introduce[s] viewers to an artistic oeuvre that highlights human beings’ existential loneliness as its great theme, while drastically opposing the values of fin de siècle society.”

Egon Schiele Self-Portrait with Peacock Waistcoat, 1911 Ernst Ploil, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Self-Portrait with Peacock Waistcoat, 1911 | Courtesy of Ernst Ploil, Vienna.
Egon Schiele Nude Self-Portrait, Grimacing, 1910 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Nude Self-Portrait, Grimacing, 1910 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna

In fact, Egon Schiele presents viewers with more than a dichotomy between the old world and the new. Schiele’s oeuvre is rife with duality: the radical and the traditional; the pious and the iconoclastic; the private and the public self. The two consecutive artworks pictured above serve as prime examples of the artist’s many facets; in Self-Portrait with Peacock Waistcoat, Schiele portrays himself with confidence and pride, while Nude Self-Portrait, Grimacing exudes a raw, practically frightening dimension of Schiele’s personality. From his facial expression to his discomforting stance, this work embodies the pain of mental anguish.

Egon Schiele Nude self-portrait, 1916 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Nude self-portrait, 1916 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Self-Portrait in Yellow Vest, 1914. Albertina, Vienna.
Egon Schiele, Self-Portrait in Yellow Vest, 1914 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.

But Schiele’s complexity only defined his aesthetic, which was fully formed by the time he reached 20 years of age. What Egon Schiele makes clear is that the young Austrian artist was a masterful draftsman. He completed his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna before adopting an aesthetic influenced by Art Nouveau, and it was during this time that Schiele found a role model in the great Gustav Klimt. But as the exhibition’s press release points out, “unlike Klimt, whose drawings served as ideas, cartoons, or sketches for paintings, Egon Schiele soon came to regard his own works on paper as artworks in their own right.”

Egon Schiele Child with halo on a flowery meadow, c. 1909 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Child with halo on a flowery meadow, c. 1909 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.
Egon Schiele Two Girlfriends, 1915 Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest
Egon Schiele Two Girlfriends, 1915 | Courtesy of the Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest.

It was with his sketches that Schiele laid the groundwork for his greatest artworks. He most often depicted the body—namely, the nude bodies of his female muses—which would define his aesthetic, but soon get him into trouble; the artist made a risky habit of portraying children. Some subjects are fully clothed, while others, such as the Black-Haired Nude Girl (second work, below) are overtly sexualized.

Egon Schiele Two Crouching Girls, 1911 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Two Crouching Girls, 1911 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.
Egon Schiele Black-haired nude girl, standing, 1910 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Black-haired nude girl, standing, 1910 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.

Naturally, his work garnered suspicion from the locals, which culminated in 1912. That April, Schiele and Wally Neuzil, the artist’s muse and known lover, accompanied a 13-year-old girl to Vienna. The girl had run away from home as it was her wish to be reunited with her grandmother in the Austrian capital. But the girl’s father filed a police report on the grounds that Schiele had both kidnapped and assaulted his underage daughter. Shortly after, Schiele was arrested on the alleged charges, which were later proven false. Before the verdict, Schiele was imprisoned for “failing to keep erotic nudes in a sufficiently safe place.” Over 100 of his artworks were subsequently seized.

Die eine Orange war das einzige Licht 19-4-1912 | WikiCommons
Egon Schiele, Die eine Orange war das einzige Licht 19-4-1912 | WikiCommons
Nicht gestraft, sondern gereinigt fühl ich mich 20-04-1912 | WikiCommons
Egon Schiele, Nicht gestraft, sondern gereinigt fühl ich mich 20-04-1912 | WikiCommons

During his time in jail, Schiele produced a number of panic-stricken drawings that are also on view in the Albertina’s exhibition. Aside from the series’ paramount importance in the context of Schiele’s life, the artist’s prison drawings, which portray banal objects and depict claustrophobia and anxiety with palpable emotion, also contrast his portraiture, for which he is far better known. In addition to this series, drawings and watercolors of flowers, ships, and landscapes are also showcased.

Egon Schiele Field landscape (Kreuzberg near Krumau), 1910 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Field landscape (Kreuzberg near Krumau), 1910 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.
Egon Schiele Old Houses in Krumau, 1914 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele Old Houses in Krumau, 1914 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna

The period following Schiele’s arrest was one of the most pivotal in his career, reflective of a deep influence by Saint Francis of Assisi. During this time, Schiele’s devotion to nature and his fascination with “man’s existential solitude” peaked, evoking the artist’s own experience of isolation. Schiele delved even further into his beloved theme of “the body”, producing a series of works portraying “couples”, though it’s clear by the difference in his subjects’ facial expressions that one half of the couple is human and engaged, whilst the other half is lifeless and disjointed, like a doll.

Egon Schiele Seated Couple, 1915 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Seated Couple, 1915 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.
Egon Schiele Portrait of the Artist’s Sister-in-Law, Adele Harms, 1917 Albertina, Vienna
Egon Schiele, Portrait of the Artist’s Sister-in-Law, Adele Harms, 1917 | Courtesy of the Albertina, Vienna.

Schiele’s breakthrough as a professional artist happened in spring of 1918, shortly before he died. When Klimt died that same year, Schiele (briefly) became the Austrian modernist movement’s most prized possession. But shortly after the death of his wife Edith, Schiele died from Spanish influenza on the very day the Austrian-Hungarian Empire fell. According to his late wife’s sister, Adele (pictured by Schiele above), the artist’s last words were: “The war is over—and I must go.”

Egon Schiele will remain on view at the Albertina, Albertinaplatz 1, 1010 Vienna, Austria, until June 18, 2017.