Today’s national flag of Armenia consists of three colors: red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange on the bottom. It was adopted in 1990 by the Armenian Supreme Soviet to be the national flag of the country. Throughout its existence, the country had many different flags. In the past, Armenian dynasties had their own flag with various symbolic animals presented on their flags. And in the 20th century, different Soviet flags symbolized the Armenian SSR.
The meaning of today’s flag colors is interpreted in different ways. Some say that red signifies the blood of the victims of the Armenian Genocide, blue is for the country’s pure sky, while orange represents Armenia’s courage.
However, the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia has a different description: the red symbolizes the Armenian highland, the people’s extended fight for survival, and preservation of the Christian faith, freedom, and independence. The blue signifies the wish of people to live under a peaceful sky, and orange is for creative talent and a hard-working nation.
When Armenia gained its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union and formed the First Republic of Armenia, it adopted the current flag choosing the colors used during the Lusignan period: blue, red, and yellow. The House of Lusignan was a noble house of French origin, which at different times controlled numerous states in Europe and the Levant, including the lands of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia.
An earlier prototype of the new Armenian flag was a rainbow flag, which was ultimately rejected. You can still see the prototype at the creator’s house museum – Martiros Saryan House Museum in Yerevan. The government chose to replace yellow with orange because it blended better with other colors and created a more pleasing composition.
Armenia marks the National Flag day on June 15 each year. The date is the day when the Assembly passed the law on the National Flag of Armenia on June 15, 2006. However, the very first celebration of the Armenian tricolor flag took place in 2010.
The flag can be seen everywhere today, on governmental buildings, embassies, and even from the balconies and windows of the residential houses.
The government legally requires displaying the national flag on the following days: New Year (January 1-2), Christmas (January 6), International Women’s Day (March 8), Motherhood and Beauty Day (April 7), International Worker’s Solidarity Day (May 1), Victory and Peace Day (May 9), First Armenian Republic Day (May 28), Constitution Day (July 5), Independence Day (September 21), and Spitak Earthquake Memorial Day (December 7).