Panama City was founded in 1519 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro Arias de Ávila. The city prospered under the rule of Spain, becoming the first European settlement on the Pacific Coast and the bridge that brought Peruvian gold and silver to Europe. Panama Viejo, a UNESCO heritage site, is what remains of the now-buried ancient town of Panama City. It is also the capital’s oldest monument.
In the late 17th century, the old town of Panama was sacked, and the city was relocated to Panama City’s historic district of Casco Viejo. The most impressive building in the renovated colonial neighbourhood is the Metropolitan Cathedral of Panama, which is also one of the largest churches in Central America. Completed in 1796, it underwent major renovation in 2003.
Considered one of the greatest examples of the Spanish influence in Panama City, Casa Góngora is one of the best-kept pieces of colonial architecture in town. Its name traces back to a merchant called Pablo Góngora who inhabited the house during the mid-18th century. The building suffered during the 1756 fire, but was rebuilt. In 1987 Casa Góngora was expropriated and became part of a project of the municipality, which restored it. Today, it is the House of Culture and of Panamanian Artists.