With an estimated 3.7 million people living in the metropolitan area, Guatemala City is the biggest city in any of the Central American countries.
It might seem like a familiar system in cities, but in Guatemala City some of them are missing. Zones 20, 22 and 23 do not exist, due to the fact that they would have encroached on the territory of other municipalities.
Due to the unique geography of the area, there is a pronounced risk of sinkholes. These holes are normally caused by underground rivers which erode the bedrock on which cities are built. In the case of Guatemala City, that means weak volcano pumice. As a result sinkholes open rapidly, including one in 2010 which swallowed a three-story factory and a house.
Present day Guatemala City is the fourth permanent capital of the country. It was founded in 1776 following the destruction of the former capital, Antigua Guatemala, in an earthquake.
The current site of the capital was chosen for its supposed protection from earthquakes. However the city has been reconstructed several times following devastating earthquakes in 1917-18 and 1976.
Some readers may be familiar with the idea of snow days, when children can’t get to class due to heavy weather. In the temperate climes of Guatemala City snow is incredibly unlikely to be a problem, but there is something else that shuts down schools. Volcanic ash from the surrounding volcanoes has been known to rain down following an eruption and make people stay inside.
The famed revolutionary spent around six months in Guatemala at the time when the democratically-elected government was overthrown in a CIA-backed coup. It has been said that his ideology was sharpened by what he saw in the country.