Sri Lankan breakfast comes in combinations, there are the simple versions and more complicated ones comprising lots of different dishes. The combination is usually a kind of doughy dish made with rice flour or coconut flour, this is used to scoop the other dishes with. These can be either rotti, pol rotti, hoppers, egg hoppers, or string hoppers. Sometimes there is also red heirloom rice. Sri Lankans eat with their hands but they will provide cutlery just in case you aren’t willing to try it their way.
Hoppers are a type of pancake made from rice flour and coconut milk. They can either be prepared plain or with a fried egg in the middle. String hoppers are made with rice flour and pressed through a hopper press to make a sort of nest. Then they are arranged on hopper mats and steamed.
Dahl is a type of curry made with orange lentils, sri lankan spices and coconut milk. It is the staple of every Sri Lankan breakfast and sometimes also lunch and dinner. Depending on the cook, dahl curry can be prepared runny or thick. The idea is that it’s to be scooped with the doughy bread, (the rotti or hopper).
Apart from the breads and the dahl, a Sri Lankan breakfast will almost certainly include another type of curry, either potato, chicken or sometimes even fish curry. Potato curry is a soupy kind of curry with lots of coconut milk and soft potato chunks. Chicken and fish curries are served in the Sri Lankan style which is a bit drier than Indian curry but with no less spice. These are also meant to be scooped with the breads or eaten by hand.
Sambols is a type of side dish that is eaten along with any meal in Sri Lanka. The most common sambol is pol sambol, prepared with grated coconut and plenty of chili. Another kind of sambol commonly eaten with hoppers or egg hoppers is seeni sambol, a caramelized onion concoction with lots of chili. Another favorite is passion fruit leaf sambol, which is made of leaves cut up quite small mixed with grated coconut. Last but not least are katta sambol and luni miris sambol which are both made from chilies of different kinds.