Under the government’s PUV Modernization Program, the new prototypes feature internationally-compliant design standards: low emission engines (Euro-4 or higher), strict passenger counts, comfortable and spacious seats, enough headroom to stand in (175 cm) and disability-friendly entrances.
New features include CCTV cameras, speed limiters, GPS and an automatic fare collection system. There will also be free onboard entertainment including TV and Wi-Fi.
Under the proposed scheme, the Philippine public utility vehicles will come in four model types (known as ‘classes’):
• Class 1: A 9-22 seater PUV plying city roads with low passenger volume routes, all seated.
• Class 2: Around 25 seats, with space for standing commuters and for city routes with high-density passenger volumes.
• Class 3: For inter-city routes with around 23 passengers or more and with front-facing seats. Passengers are all seated.
• Class 4: is like the Class 3 but for longer trips (province to city). There will be space for cargo.
These new ‘e-jeepneys’ will replace all four-wheel modes of public transportation to curtail the current overlap of vehicles on the road.
The city of Tacloban has already started to implement the modern PUVs since January, which according to Land Transportation Franchise and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) Chairman Martin Delgra ‘will serve as a model for Public Utility Modernisation of the whole country’.
The Tacloban PUVs granted operators and a cooperative the use of 15 solar e-jeepneys for each of the three newly opened city routes. These run on schedule, with dash cameras, CCTV cameras and an automatic fare collection system. Drivers are paid fixed salaries and work 12 hours per day.
With the new ‘one route, one franchise policy’, individual drivers will have to surrender their franchises and scrap their old PUVs. Those that voluntarily do so will receive financial assistance to shift to the new program or pursue a different career.
However, the modernised Philippine public utility vehicles cost P1.6 million and up per vehicle – the main reason jeepney operators are opposing the program.
Jeepneys are the second most common method of transportation in Metro Manila, next to walking. About 180,000 jeepneys will be phased out once the modernisation program takes full effect, especially those 15 years or older.
Faced with this impending change, several entrepreneurial jeepney drivers have upgraded their vehicles in hopes of attracting more passengers. Manila-based driver Rudy Avila has free Wi-Fi, a TV and a karaoke machine onboard his vehicle, which he says has become very popular with customers.
In a TV interview, Avila said he initially installed a karaoke machine in his jeepney to keep passengers entertained during the city’s notorious heavy traffic – those brave enough to sing got a free ride.
Avila’s jeepney impressed some customers so much, they took to social media to sing his praises (perhaps on the free Wi-Fi).
A similar story of an upgraded jeepney in Cebu made it to the news a few months before the video of Avila’s jeepney went viral. Like Avila, Roly Llenos wanted to make jeepney rides more bearable by having free Wi-Fi and gadget charging in his jeepney.
To which his passengers responded: “Dapat lahat ng jeep ganito” (All jeepneys must be like this).
Yet despite these homespun innovations, there is no guarantee that the jeepneys of the past will survive the impending vehicles of the future.