One of the biggest reasons to visit Sabah is to experience the vast diversity of landscapes and environments. From the monkeys living in the jungle to the parasitic ‘Rotting Corpse Lily’, Borneo often ranks among the world’s top regions for ecotourism.
Flora and fauna
Sabah is the definition of biodiversity. With more than 8,000 species of flowering plants, 600 types of birds and more than 200 different mammals, ecotourism often incentivises visitors. Tourists can experience this ecological wonderland in favourite spots such as Kinabalu Park and Danum Valley Field Centre.
Sabah has almost 400 islands. The Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park consists of five islands off the coast of Kota Kinabalu. Others include Kota Belud’s Mantanani Islands, Pulau Tiga: The Survivor Island, and the world–famous diving hotspot Sipadan.
Manukan Island one of the most visited islands in Sabah.
Sabah houses some 42 different ethnic groups and over 200 sub-ethnic groups. Each has a distinct culture and traditions. Travel through Sabah and see Kadazan-Dusun, Bajau and Murut groups among many others. Notice the different styles of clothes and way of life.
Another reason to visit Sabah is to witness and experience the cultural diversity. From the Kadazan-Dusun Sumazau dance and the Murut’s Magunatip bamboo dance, visitors have the chance to observe traditions seen nowhere else in Malaysia.
Head a short distance from Kota Kinabalu, Sabah’s capital, and find long stretches of jungle, mountains and beaches. Tourists can travel to Kudat’s ‘Tip of Borneo’, the northernmost point of Borneo Island, or head deep into virgin rainforest. The rural kampungs, or villages in English, have rustic beauty in the stilted wooden styles and colourful architecture.
Some of the world’s best diving spots
The small island of Sipadan in Sabah’s east coast often features with the world’s best diving spots. Living coral and an abundance of marine life consistently impress divers in relatively unexplored waters.
It’s no secret that Asia’s air quality doesn’t have a good track record. Malaysian Borneo has fresh and unpolluted air, probably a result of the rainforests, lack of overcrowding and fewer factories. The air quality is another reason to visit Sabah.
Boasting a world heritage status and holding the title as Malaysia’s tallest peak, Mount Kinabalu at 4,095 metres (13,435 feet) is often a popular reason to visit Sabah. Climbing to the summit involves an overnight stay and spots fill up months in advance. Mount Kinabalu is also a sacred site in Kazadan-Dusun traditions.
Those looking to see primates living in their natural habitats adore Sabah. Apart from the macaques, this part of Malaysia has relatively large populations of orangutans in both the wild and rehabilitation centres. Another reason to visit Sabah relates to seeing one of the world’s most unusual primates: Proboscis monkeys.
Headhunting was once practised by some of Sabah’s indigenous tribes. Warriors chopped off and collected enemy heads as a sign of power, status and prestige. Monsopiad, Sabah’s most notorious headhunter who lived 200 years ago, once accumulated 42 heads. The Monsopiad Cultural Village near Kota Kinabalu displays his ‘trophies’ today.