This temple was founded in A.D. 796 by Emperor Kammu after relocating the capitol from Nara to Kyoto. Kukai, the founder of Shingon Buddhism, was appointed the Superior of Toji by Emperor Saga in A.D. 823. This UNESCO site has the most recognizable five-tiered pagoda on the temple ground. The Kodo (lecture hall) is regarded as the most important building in the complex. It represents Kukai’s visualization of mandala with the central image of Dainichi Nyorai. Toji remains a popular spot for cherry blossoms. A memorial service and flea market take place on the 21st of each month. This is to commemorate Kukai, known posthumously as Kobo Daishi, going into eternal meditation.