This translates as “the independence mosque” in Arabic, and was built to commemorate Indonesia’s independence. Realizing that the country is home to the largest Muslim population
in the world, the then-government went all-out in constructing the grand mosque, which is still Southeast Asia’s largest. The building’s architecture is rich with symbolic meanings, representing either the country’s year of independence, the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, or the seven Islamic heavens. The grand architecture reflects both traditional Indonesian and Islamic culture. Tourists are welcome to tour the mosque, and many world leaders have had the pleasure, including former US President Barack Obama, King Salman of Saudi Arabia, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and more.