As the largest Muslim population in the world, Indonesia has some of the biggest and most majestic mosques. More than simply aesthetically beautiful, some of these mosques also have cultural and historical significance, which are reflected in the contemplative architecture. From oriental style to futuristic design, discover the most beautiful mosques in Indonesia.
Unlike most other mosques in Indonesia (or anywhere else for that matter), Bayur Mosque combines Thailand’s pagoda-style architecture with influence from West Sumatra’s traditional houses with the three-tiered roof. Its architectural uniqueness is also made complete by authentic and sometimes fusion ornaments and also a beautifully-crafted landscape with fountains and fish ponds, adding tranquility to the earthy-toned mosque.
At a glance, this futuristic, minimalist cube may not exactly look like a common mosque. But with careful observation, you can spot Arabic sentences of adoration to Allah embedded in its exterior. Designed by a local architect who is also Bandung’s mayor Ridwan Kamil, the building employs an open landscape concept with closeness to nature and natural light. The award-winning design also includes symbols of Islam in its meticulous detail, such as 99 light bulbs for 99 names of Allah, each adorned with an individual name.
Located on the banks of the great Mahakam river, this mosque has become an iconic landmark of Samarinda, East Kalimantan (Borneo). It is an impressive architectural masterpiece with seven towering minarets and a stunning main dome adorned with flowery patterns, inspired by Istanbul’s Haghia Sophia Mosque. Its ceramic floor bordered with granite lends a feeling of luxury to the interior. The vast mosque complex also makes quite a breathtaking sight when seen from the nearby Mahakam Bridge.
Established in 1949, this is one of the oldest mosques in modern Indonesia and certainly one of the most majestic. The grand structure combines Middle Eastern style with a Mediterranean touch. The grand façade assumes a calming pastel green tone, including its two tall minarets. This grand mosque holds a giant Al Quran that has been attracting tourists’ curiosity. It also has a library with an extensive religious collection.