Mumbai has a complex, layered and uniquely cosmopolitan history. And this is best reflected by its diverse architectural offerings, combining the best of many worlds and eras – from High Victorian to Indo-Islamic. We have compiled a list of ten iconic buildings, the aesthetics and history of whose architecture best represents the unique offerings of Mumbai.
The Taj’s famous dome was the first clear marker of the Bombay harbor until the Gateway of India was built next to it about 20 years later. This iconic Arabian Sea-facing hotel was built in 1903 under Jamsetji Tata, and designed by architect Sitaram Khanderao Vaidya. It takes inspiration from around the world, showcasing striking Victorian Gothic, Romanesque and Edwardian elements. A century later, the luxurious and historically significant hotel remains unsurpassed among others in India.
As much as there are iconic buildings representing Bombay history, there are an increasing number of contemporary landmark buildings springing up in the financial hub of Mumbai. The Mumbai World Trade Centre, built in 1970, comprises of two towers – the MRVDC and the IDBI – of which the former is one of South Asia’s tallest buildings. The iconic towers were built by the Shapoorji Pallonji Group – a business conglomerate who also built other south Mumbai landmarks, including the Reserve Bank of India and Bombay Stock Exchange buildings. The center is the most iconic landmark in the upscale Cuffe Parade neighborhood, north of Colaba.