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11 Historic Forts You Should Visit in Kerala, India

Bekal Fort is the largest fort in Kerala | © unknown/Pixabay
Bekal Fort is the largest fort in Kerala | © unknown/Pixabay
Forts are one of the surviving symbols of history that stand testimony to the past of a land. Built by the governors of the land, they acted as the fortifications of safety and security of the rulers. Like every other land, Kerala too has several forts which tell their tales of antiquity. While most of them are in a state of disrepair, there are a few that live on as the markers of glory of the era they were built in. Dating from the 1500s, here are 11 forts that must be visited in Kerala before they are lost forever.

St Angelo Fort, Kannur

Built in 1505 by Dom Francisco de Almeida, the first Portuguese Viceroy of India, St. Angelo Fort, AKA Kannur Fort, offers fantastic views of the Arabian Sea and Mappila Bay harbor. It is fairly well preserved as a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India.

Palakkad Fort, Palakkad

Palakkad Fort, AKA Tipu’s Fort was built in its present form in 1766 CE by Hyder Ali Khan, de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore, and Tipu Sultan’s father. It is among the best-preserved forts in South India and is located in the heart of Palakkad town.

Pallippuram Fort, Ernakulam

The oldest existing European fort in India today, Pallippuram Fort, was built by the Portuguese in 1503. This hexagonal fort is situated in the northern extremity of Vypin island and is locally known as Ayikotta or Alikotta.

Chandragiri Fort, Kasaragode

Chandragiri Fort in Kasaragode lies at the confluence of Payaswini River and the Arabian Sea. This 17th-century fort was built by Sivappa Naik of Bednapore after the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire and stands atop a hill at 46 meters (150 feet) above sea level.

Bekal Fort, Kasaragode

Built in 1650 CE by Shivappa Nayaka of Keladi and sprawling over 40 acres, Bekal Fort is the largest fort in Kerala. The music of the waves from the adjoining beach is an idyllic backdrop while walking along the manicured lawn. The glimmering golden sunset you can witness here will soothe you into contemplation.

Thalassery Fort, Kannur

Thalassery, AKA Tellicherry was one of the most prominent European trading centers in Kerala and to establish a stronghold on the Malabar Coast, the British East India Company was compelled to strengthen the fortification of their property. The square Thalassery Fort, with its high walls, strong flanking bastions, secret tunnels to the sea, and intricately carved doors is an imposing structure.

Anchuthengu Fort, Thiruvananthapuram

Anchuthengu Fort, AKA Anjengo Fort, was established by the British East India company in 1696 subsequent to the permission received from the Queen of Attingal in 1694. The fort is located in Anchuthengu, Thiruvananthapuram and was the first permanent post of the British on the Malabar Coast.