Victoria Harbour c.1899
Back then, the harbour was much wider and the Kowloon waterfront was still undeveloped. The major buildings on the Central harbour front at the turn of the last century include (from left) the Queen’s Building, the first generation Prince’s Building, the second generation Hong Kong Club Building, and the Chinese Export and Import Bank. All of these structures have since been demolished.
Victoria Harbour today
Victoria Harbor #2 c.1920
Taken from the other side of the harbour, these photos show the transformation of the Hong Kong Island waterfront.
Victoria Harbour #2 today
Causeway Bay c.1869-1900
In the early 19th century, the heart of present day Causeway Bay was known as East Point. Much of the land was owned by the trading firm Jardine Matheson. Today, Causeway Bay is a major shopping district and one of the world’s most expensive places to rent retail space.
Causeway Bay today
Kowloon City c. 1898
Kowloon City is one of the oldest districts in Hong Kong. It included the notorious Kowloon Walled City, which was demolished and turned into a park in the early 1990s. Until 1998, a building height restriction was imposed the district due to the presence of the now-defunct Kai Tak Airport.
Kowloon City today
Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower c. 1914
This 1914 photo shows the former Kowloon Station, a red brick building that served as the southern terminus of the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR) network. Today, all that remains of the station is the 44 metre (144 ft) Clock Tower, now a major Hong Kong landmark located next to the Tsim Sha Tsui Ferry Pier.
Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower today
Central and Western District Harbourfront c.1869
The Hong Kong Island coastline has shifted dramatically northwards, thanks to reclamation projects beginning in the late 19th century. The development of the island also expanded east over the decades.
Central and Western District Harbourfront today
Des Voeux Road, c.1890
One of the earliest reclamation projects of Hong Kong Island’s north shore was completed in 1873, bringing the coastline up to present day Des Voeux Road. Further reclamation projects beginning in 1890 added even more land to the waterfront, obscuring Des Voeux Road from the coast.
Des Voeux Road today
Connaught Road, Central c.1920
Connaught Road, a major thoroughfare in the Central and Western District, was constructed during the second Praya Reclamation Scheme in 1890. In the 1920s, Connaught Road was lined with docked ferries and boats. Later reclamation projects pushed the Central waterfront out even further north.