Now, imagine turning on the tap and waiting for the water to come. But it doesn’t. Brushing your teeth, taking a shower, cooking, cleaning, and simply drinking one of life’s necessities is now an inconvenience if even accessible at all.
By 2019, the four million residents of Cape Town, South Africa, may have to wait in line under the watchful eye of armed guards to collect water rations. Cape Town is rapidly approaching “Day Zero” when the taps are shut off and water becomes scarce.
“It’s hard to even think about since we are talking about four million people in this area,” said Ernst van Dyk, a wheelchair racer and handcyclist. “We have built up a decent supply of bottled drinking water. That, along with what we have in our pool and what used to be a koi pond should last us around two or three months (should the taps get turned off).”
In 2014, the six reservoirs in the area — which can hold up to 230 billion gallons of water — were full, but three years of drought, coupled with overdevelopment, population growth, and climate change, quickly dried up the supply. According to NASA data, reservoirs are at 26 percent capacity with Theewaterskloof Dam, the city’s main water supplier, in the worst shape. City officials will turn off the taps when the reservoirs reach 13.5 percent.
“I’m afraid we’re at the 11th hour,” South African resource management expert Anthony Turton told National Geographic. “There is no more time for solutions. We need an act of God. We need divine intervention.”
Sanctions regarding water consumption have been enacted in Cape Town. Officials, who are making plans to store emergency water at military installations, say using taps to fill pools, water gardens, or wash cars is now illegal.
The city has urged residents to limit their water consumption to 50 liters (approximately 13 gallons) per day — less than one-sixth of what the average American uses. Van Dyk, who was born, raised, and still resides in the Western Cape, said he and his family take 90-second showers, do laundry once per week, and use paper plates on the weekends to cut down on dirty dishes. They are unable to tend to their garden or lawn.
Van Dyk, who won his record-setting fourth consecutive NYC Half Marathon men’s wheelchair division title in March, has had to sell his koi, a collection he’s been building over the past 12 years, including many fish he’s hand selected personally in Japan. The covered pond now serves as a backup water supply. Same goes for the pool, which remains covered to prevent evaporation.
The family has even decided to sell their current house and will be investing in building a new house that can recycle water and will be as green as possible.
“Everybody in the Western Cape has had to relook at how we use water,” van Dyk said.