Samba Food: The National Dishes of Brazil
Brazil’s hearty, flavoursome cuisine embodies the rich panorama of cultural influences in the South American country. It combines indigenous ingredients with the influence of Portuguese and West African culinary traditions, which account for its unique combination of spice, gusto and depth of flavour. Explore the best that Brazilian food has to offer through the regional varieties of this rich cuisine, and find the best places to experience Brazil’s most famous dishes.
This is perhaps Brazil’s most famous dish, and there are innumerable varieties and incarnations of Feijoada to be found throughout the country, with each region having their own specific take on this classic piece of Brazilian gastronomy. The dish is essentially a stew of beans with beef and pork, and its name derives from the Portuguese word feijão, meaning ‘beans’. In its Brazilian incarnation it is usually prepared with black beans, although white, pinto and red are also acceptable, which are combined with pork or beef in a thick clay pot. Vegetables such as okra, pumpkin and even banana are added, along with a blend of spices and chilies. The result is a thick, glutinous and hearty stew bursting with flavour, which is eaten all year round in Brazil. The versatility of this dish mean that no two Feijoadas will ever be the same and every cook in the country has their own take on this most Brazilian culinary classic.
Where to try it: Casa da Feijoada
Whilst Feijoada is found throughout the country, most restaurants only serve it a few times a week, when they have a ‘Feijoada day’. Casa da Feijoada, in Rio de Janeiro’s Ipanema district is one of the few places to serve Feijoada every day, which is unsurprising from a restaurant named House of Feijoada. The menu offers all of the infinite permutations of the dish and the attentive staff are more than willing to find one to suit each taste.
Casa da Feijoada, Rua Prudente de Moraes 10, Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro.
Whilst most South American’s would agree that Argentinians are the masters of the barbecue, Brazil’s natural culinary flair has made their steakhouses almost as legendary as their southern neighbours. The simple grills of these establishments owe their origins to the fireside roasts of Brazilian gauchos in the 18th century, and their simple, unpretentious style has persisted from those cowboy traditions. Churrasco can take in all types of skewered meat and the best barbecue restaurants in Brazil will typically offer guests their choice of prime cuts to skewer and then grill to perfection.
Where to try it: Porcão Rio’s
The legendary Rio establishment of Porcão Rio’s is the best place to experience a communal Brazilian steakhouse, and to indulge in a wide variety of barbecue. This cavernous restaurant is located on the beach front, and the floor to ceiling windows let customers indulge in the view whilst enjoying their huge portions of grilled meat.
Porcao Rio's, Av. Infante Dom Henrique s/n, Aterro do Flamengo, Rio de Janeiro.
A potent combination of peeled black eyed peas and shrimp, which is rolled into a ball and deep fried, Acarajé is an example of the African influence in Brazilian cuisine which is still very much evident. The dish is mainly found in the Bahia region and is often served as street food in the markets of Salvador. It is also a fixture of the religious tradition of Candomblé, an Afro-Brazilian offshoot of Catholicism. Varieties of the dish can also be found in Nigeria, Togo, Ghana and Benin and it is thought the dish was brought over to Brazil by slaves from the African coast. That this simple street food bears such a rich cultural, social and religious history is evidence of the amalgamation of cultures which is so typical of Brazil.
Where to try it: Salvador Market
The markets of Salvador in Bahia, Northern Brazil are the best place to find classic Acarajé. The vendors are usually women dressed in white robe so are hard to miss, even amongst the crowded street markets. They can also be found in markets in Rio de Janeiro and other major cities.
Pernil, which translates as pork loin, is sometimes served as the centre piece of a meal but is usually used as sandwich filler in Brazil, in a variant of the pulled pork sandwich. This Caribbean inspired dish is typically found in street food markets and other roadside eateries, but has also been raised to new gastronomic heights in Brazil where it is one of the most typical late night snacks for the revellers who line the beaches. It is served on crusty French bread with a variety of side dishes and sauce combinations, all of which makes for a hefty, and ultimately satisfying meal for anyone who has spent too long out on the beach.
Where to try it: Estadão
A legendary late night snack hut in Sao Paulo which is open 24 hours a day, Estadão welcomes revellers throughout the night, this no frills café is the best place to experience true Brazilian Pernil.
Estadão, Viaduto 9 de Julho 193, Triangulo, Sao Paulo.
Carne de Sol
Carne de Sol is a Northern Brazilian dish which again brings the country’s carnivorous tendencies to the fore. It consists of heavily salted beef which is left out in the sun for several days to cure, and is a distant relative of America’s Beef Jerky and the Caribbean favourite Biltong. The name translates as ‘meat of sun’ and it is a dish which embodies the arid, desert like landscape of the Northeast Region. It is often fried or served in a hamburger, or with onions and the typical thick potato chips of the area, and it makes for a gloriously meaty feast.
Where to try it: Carne De Sol Do Picui
One of the best restaurants in Maceio in Northeastern Brazil, Carne De Sol Do Picui takes rustic dishes such as Carne Do Sol and raises them to a gourmet level, whilst still staying true to the earthy origins of this region.
Carne De Sol Do Picui, Travessa Emilio Cardoso Filho,1140, Maceio, State of Alagoas.
Brazilian seafood is as diverse as the country’s mammoth coast line suggests, and each region along this huge stretch of shore has its own particular take on the fruits of the sea. The Moqueca is perhaps Brazil’s signature national seafood dish, and is the counterpart to the more meaty Feijoada. It is also an Afro-Brazilian inspired dish, which brings flavours and techniques from the West African region and combines them with typically South American culinary styles. It usually combines grouper, snapper, mahi mahi, salmon, or monkfish with various vegetables and spices including limes, cilantro, paprika, palm oil and coconut milk and lets them stew for up to an hour. The best Moqueca are from the states of Espírito Santo in the Southeast, where the dish is said to have originated, but like Feijoada, the dish can be found throughout the country in various incarnations.
Where to try it: Cantinho do Curuca
In Espírito Santo, the home of Moqueca, each version of the dish is a classic in its own right. However Cantinho do Curuca deserves special mention because of its beach side location and the party atmosphere which pertains in this local favourite.
Cantinho do Curuca, Av. Santana, 96 - Praia do Meaipe, Guarapari, State of Espirito Santo.
Other classic pieces of Brazilian cuisine include: Porção de torresmo (freshly cooked crackling), Rabada com agrião (rich oxtail and watercress stew served with a corn porridge), Tutu a mineira (mashed black beans with manioc), Bauru ( a sandwich of beef, tomato, pickle and melted cheeses on French bread), and the national cocktail of Brazil, the Caipirinha.
By Thomas Storey