The Pitcairn Islands, made up of the four volcanic islands of Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno, are located in the southern Pacific Ocean. Pitcairn, the second largest island, is the only one that is inhabited. This British Overseas Territory, which is now home to less than 50 inhabitants, is also the least populated jurisdiction in the world due to emigration to New Zealand.
Originally inhabited by Polynesians from Mangareva and then settled by a group of British mutineers and Tahitian women after mutiny on the British ship the HMS Bounty (a well-known story retold in many books and films) in 1790, Pitcairn Island then became a British colony in 1838. Since then it has remained one of the most isolated communities in the world. Politics on the island take place in a framework of parliamentary democratic dependency, where the mayor is the head of government; the government administrative offices are set up in New Zealand.
Since the people here are descendents from mutineers of the Bounty and the Tahitian women who were also aboard the ship, their language is a form of creole called Pitkern that mixes 18th century English with the Tahitian language. Alongside Pitkern, English is also taught at the island’s school. A unique publication, which displays the rich culture and cuisine of this island, is A Taste of Pitcairn: The First Pitcairn Island Cookbook, published by Pitcairn resident Meralda Warren.